Effects of progestin antagonists, glucocorticoids and estrogen on progesterone-induced protein secreted by rabbit endometrial stromal cells in culture

Robert Bigsby, Lynn M. Everett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Progesterone enhances the synthesis of a 42 kDa protein secreted by rabbit endometrial stromal cells in primary culture. The duration of that response, the effects of estrogen and the inhibitory ability of antiprogestin steroid analogs, RU486, ZK98.299 and ZK98.734, were tested. Although there was a progressive decrease in the amount of the 42 kDa protein synthesized during a 6-day culture period, progesterone stimulated its rate of synthesis >2-fold throughout that period. The addition of estrogen did not prevent the progressive decrease in the amount of the protein synthesized, nor did it enhance the progesterone effect when the culture medium contained phenol red. Estrogen alone did slightly induce 42 kDa protein synthesis by cells grown in phenol red-free medium, and the progesterone response was accentuated to the same degree. When present in a concentration that was 100-fold that of the progesterone, RU486, ZK98.299 and ZK98.734 each abolished stimulation. This antagonistic effect was overcome by addition of an equimolar concentration of progesterone. Deoxycorticosterone (DOC) also stimulated 42 kDa protein synthesis. The antiprogestins blocked this stimulatory effect, even when both steroids were in equimolar concentrations. There was no difference in the ability of ZK98.299 or ZK98.734 to block DOC stimulation, even though ZK98.734 exhibits no antiglucocorticoid activity [J. Steroid Biochem. 25 (1986) 835]. Therefore, it is likely that the DOC effect is mediated by the progesterone receptor system. These studies indicate that enhanced synthesis of the 42 kDa protein represents a progesterone receptor mediated event and that the cell culture system described can be used as a bioassay for determination of antiprogestin activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-32
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991

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Estrogen Antagonists
Progestins
Stromal Cells
Glucocorticoids
Progesterone
Estrogens
Cell Culture Techniques
Rabbits
Desoxycorticosterone
Phenolsulfonphthalein
Proteins
Steroids
Progesterone Receptors
Bioassay
Cell culture
Biological Assay
Culture Media
Cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

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title = "Effects of progestin antagonists, glucocorticoids and estrogen on progesterone-induced protein secreted by rabbit endometrial stromal cells in culture",
abstract = "Progesterone enhances the synthesis of a 42 kDa protein secreted by rabbit endometrial stromal cells in primary culture. The duration of that response, the effects of estrogen and the inhibitory ability of antiprogestin steroid analogs, RU486, ZK98.299 and ZK98.734, were tested. Although there was a progressive decrease in the amount of the 42 kDa protein synthesized during a 6-day culture period, progesterone stimulated its rate of synthesis >2-fold throughout that period. The addition of estrogen did not prevent the progressive decrease in the amount of the protein synthesized, nor did it enhance the progesterone effect when the culture medium contained phenol red. Estrogen alone did slightly induce 42 kDa protein synthesis by cells grown in phenol red-free medium, and the progesterone response was accentuated to the same degree. When present in a concentration that was 100-fold that of the progesterone, RU486, ZK98.299 and ZK98.734 each abolished stimulation. This antagonistic effect was overcome by addition of an equimolar concentration of progesterone. Deoxycorticosterone (DOC) also stimulated 42 kDa protein synthesis. The antiprogestins blocked this stimulatory effect, even when both steroids were in equimolar concentrations. There was no difference in the ability of ZK98.299 or ZK98.734 to block DOC stimulation, even though ZK98.734 exhibits no antiglucocorticoid activity [J. Steroid Biochem. 25 (1986) 835]. Therefore, it is likely that the DOC effect is mediated by the progesterone receptor system. These studies indicate that enhanced synthesis of the 42 kDa protein represents a progesterone receptor mediated event and that the cell culture system described can be used as a bioassay for determination of antiprogestin activity.",
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