Effects of progestin antagonists, glucocorticoids and estrogen on progesterone-induced protein secreted by rabbit endometrial stromal cells in culture

Robert M. Bigsby, Lynn M. Everett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Progesterone enhances the synthesis of a 42 kDa protein secreted by rabbit endometrial stromal cells in primary culture. The duration of that response, the effects of estrogen and the inhibitory ability of antiprogestin steroid analogs, RU486, ZK98.299 and ZK98.734, were tested. Although there was a progressive decrease in the amount of the 42 kDa protein synthesized during a 6-day culture period, progesterone stimulated its rate of synthesis >2-fold throughout that period. The addition of estrogen did not prevent the progressive decrease in the amount of the protein synthesized, nor did it enhance the progesterone effect when the culture medium contained phenol red. Estrogen alone did slightly induce 42 kDa protein synthesis by cells grown in phenol red-free medium, and the progesterone response was accentuated to the same degree. When present in a concentration that was 100-fold that of the progesterone, RU486, ZK98.299 and ZK98.734 each abolished stimulation. This antagonistic effect was overcome by addition of an equimolar concentration of progesterone. Deoxycorticosterone (DOC) also stimulated 42 kDa protein synthesis. The antiprogestins blocked this stimulatory effect, even when both steroids were in equimolar concentrations. There was no difference in the ability of ZK98.299 or ZK98.734 to block DOC stimulation, even though ZK98.734 exhibits no antiglucocorticoid activity [J. Steroid Biochem. 25 (1986) 835]. Therefore, it is likely that the DOC effect is mediated by the progesterone receptor system. These studies indicate that enhanced synthesis of the 42 kDa protein represents a progesterone receptor mediated event and that the cell culture system described can be used as a bioassay for determination of antiprogestin activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-32
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of progestin antagonists, glucocorticoids and estrogen on progesterone-induced protein secreted by rabbit endometrial stromal cells in culture'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this