Introduction: Spatial segmentation is essential for the numerical simulation of excitation propagation in cardiac muscle. Methods and Results: This study evaluated the effects of spatial segmentation on action potential and on the velocity of propagation in a continuous one-dimensional model of cardiac muscle [intracellular and extracellular resistivities along (L) and transverse (T) to the muscle fibers: 402 Ωcm (R(i), L), 3,620 Ωcm (R(i), T), 48 Wcm (R(e), L), and 126 Ωcm (R(e), T), J of Physiol 255:335-346, 1976) and either Luo-Rudy (L-R, Circ Res 68:1501-1526, 1991) or Beeler-Reuter (B- R, J Physiol 268:177-210, 1977) ionic currents. Related cable equations for active membrane are derived. Spatial segmentations of < 31.2 μm (L, L-R), < 11.5 μm (T, L-R), < 44.7 μm (L, B-R), and < 16.5 μm (T, B-R) were required for < 1% errors in the characteristic parameters of action potential. Similarly, spatial segmentations of < 54.5 μm (L, L-R), < 20.1 μm (T, L- R), < 84.3 μm (L, B-R), and < 31.2 μm (T, B-R) were required for < 1% errors in the velocity of conduction. Conclusion: In general, spatial segmentations of < 26.9% and < 50.8% of the space constant of a fully activated membrane gave < 1.0% errors in the characteristic parameters of action potential and in the velocity of propagation, respectively, for both membranes. The action potential duration was relatively insensitive to the spatial segmentation. Our analysis suggests that λ(full) is a better criterion for the selection of spatial segmentation in numerical simulation than the space constant of the resting membrane.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of cardiovascular electrophysiology|
|State||Published - 1999|
- Action potential
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine