Effects of two combinations of triple antibiotic paste used in endodontic regeneration on root microhardness and chemical structure of radicular dentine

Blake T. Prather, Ygal Ehrlich, Kenneth Spolnik, Jeffrey A. Platt, Ghaeth H. Yassen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated the effects of triple antibiotic paste (TAP) and modified triple antibiotic paste (MTAP) concentrations on the microhardness and chemical structure of radicular dentine. Human root cylinders were instrumented and randomized into four treatment groups and an untreated control group. Two treatment groups received 1 g/mL TAP or MTAP, and the other two treatment groups received 1 mg/mL methylcellulose-based TAP or MTAP. Cylinders were stored at 100% relative humidity for 4 weeks. Each root cylinder was subjected to a microhardness test before and after treatment. Different sets of radicular dentine specimens were treated as mentioned previously, and were examined using attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. All treatment groups showed significant reductions in microhardness of roots when compared to untreated control roots at 1,000 and/or 500 µm from the pulp-dentine interface. However, 1 mg/mL methylcellulose-based antibiotics caused significantly less reduction in microhardness when compared to 1 g/mL antibiotics. In addition, 1 g/mL TAP and DAP caused significantly lower phosphate/amide I ratios when compared to other groups. The use of 1 mg/mL methylcellulose-based TAP and MTAP may minimize the reduction in microhardness of roots compared with the currently used 1 g/mL concentration of these antibiotics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)245-251
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Oral Science
Volume56
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

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Endodontics
Dentin
Ointments
Regeneration
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Methylcellulose
Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy
Humidity
Amides
Phosphates

Keywords

  • Endodontic regeneration
  • FTIR
  • Microhardness
  • Modified triple antibiotic paste
  • Triple antibiotic paste

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "We investigated the effects of triple antibiotic paste (TAP) and modified triple antibiotic paste (MTAP) concentrations on the microhardness and chemical structure of radicular dentine. Human root cylinders were instrumented and randomized into four treatment groups and an untreated control group. Two treatment groups received 1 g/mL TAP or MTAP, and the other two treatment groups received 1 mg/mL methylcellulose-based TAP or MTAP. Cylinders were stored at 100{\%} relative humidity for 4 weeks. Each root cylinder was subjected to a microhardness test before and after treatment. Different sets of radicular dentine specimens were treated as mentioned previously, and were examined using attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. All treatment groups showed significant reductions in microhardness of roots when compared to untreated control roots at 1,000 and/or 500 µm from the pulp-dentine interface. However, 1 mg/mL methylcellulose-based antibiotics caused significantly less reduction in microhardness when compared to 1 g/mL antibiotics. In addition, 1 g/mL TAP and DAP caused significantly lower phosphate/amide I ratios when compared to other groups. The use of 1 mg/mL methylcellulose-based TAP and MTAP may minimize the reduction in microhardness of roots compared with the currently used 1 g/mL concentration of these antibiotics.",
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AU - Yassen, Ghaeth H.

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