Effects of various commercially available enrichment options on handling and chronic stress markers in female ICR mice

Jessica L. Peveler, Melissa P. Swan, R'nld R. Wheeler, Christine A. Boehm, Debra L. Hickman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Although social housing of mice generally is preferred, mice must be individually housed in some situations. In these cases, enhanced attention to environmental enrichment is encouraged, but few studies assess the wellbeing of mice provided various enrichments. In this study, we used female ICR mice to evaluate enrichment strategies that encouraged natural behaviors including foraging, exercise, sheltering, and socialization. After 3 mo of exposure to the assigned enrichment strategy, wellbeing was assessed by evaluating behavioral and physiologic differences between groups. The results suggested that the use of red-tinted igloos may decrease markers of mouse wellbeing. However, none of the selected strategies yielded measures of wellbeing indicating improvement as compared to individually housed mice with no enrichment (negative control). Furthermore, measures were not significantly different between paired mice and individually housed mice with no enrichment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)119-125
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology

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