Efficacy and Effectiveness of Cochlear Implants in Deaf Children

David Pisoni, Christopher M. Conway, William Kronenberger, David L. Horn, Jennifer Karpicke, Shirley C. Henning

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

98 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This chapter explores the large individual differences in speech and language outcomes in deaf children who have received cochlear implants (CIs). It argues that that the variability in performance on the traditional clinical outcome measures used to assess speech and language processing skills in deaf children with CIs reflects fundamental differences in the speed of information processing operations such as verbal rehearsal, scanning of items in short-term memory, and the rate of encoding phonological and lexical information in working memory. It is also shown that the sequela of deafness and delay in language are not domain-specific and restricted to only hearing and auditory processing. Other neurocognitive systems display disturbances, and these differences appear to reflect the operation of domain-general processes of cognitive control, self-regulation, and organization.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDeaf Cognition: Foundations and Outcomes
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Print)9780199894161, 9780195368673
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2008

Fingerprint

Cochlear Implants
Short-Term Memory
Language
Language Development Disorders
Deafness
Automatic Data Processing
Individuality
Hearing
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Self-Control

Keywords

  • Cochlear implantation
  • Cognitive processes
  • Individual differences
  • Language learning
  • Memory
  • Speech

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Pisoni, D., Conway, C. M., Kronenberger, W., Horn, D. L., Karpicke, J., & Henning, S. C. (2008). Efficacy and Effectiveness of Cochlear Implants in Deaf Children. In Deaf Cognition: Foundations and Outcomes Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368673.003.0003

Efficacy and Effectiveness of Cochlear Implants in Deaf Children. / Pisoni, David; Conway, Christopher M.; Kronenberger, William; Horn, David L.; Karpicke, Jennifer; Henning, Shirley C.

Deaf Cognition: Foundations and Outcomes. Oxford University Press, 2008.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Pisoni, D, Conway, CM, Kronenberger, W, Horn, DL, Karpicke, J & Henning, SC 2008, Efficacy and Effectiveness of Cochlear Implants in Deaf Children. in Deaf Cognition: Foundations and Outcomes. Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368673.003.0003
Pisoni D, Conway CM, Kronenberger W, Horn DL, Karpicke J, Henning SC. Efficacy and Effectiveness of Cochlear Implants in Deaf Children. In Deaf Cognition: Foundations and Outcomes. Oxford University Press. 2008 https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368673.003.0003
Pisoni, David ; Conway, Christopher M. ; Kronenberger, William ; Horn, David L. ; Karpicke, Jennifer ; Henning, Shirley C. / Efficacy and Effectiveness of Cochlear Implants in Deaf Children. Deaf Cognition: Foundations and Outcomes. Oxford University Press, 2008.
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