Efficient and stable gene expression into human osteoclasts using an HIV-1-based lentiviral vector

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7 Scopus citations


Since osteoclasts are terminally differentiated cells without proliferating activity, efficient and stable gene expression into these cells remains a difficulty. In the current study, we investigate gene transduction into human preosteoclasts by a replication defective lentivirus-based vector containing a modified HIV-1 genome. Human preosteoclasts (differentiating osteoclasts) were transduced with lentiviruses bearing an enhanced green fluorescent protein (EFGP) reporter gene. Transduction efficiencies were measured by flow cytometry for EGFP protein expression. Sorted human transduced preosteoclasts were replated and differentiated under human macrophage colony-stimulating factor and human receptor activator of NF-κB ligand. Mature osteoclasts were then analyzed by the cell viability assay, TRACP assay, and pit formation assay. Efficient gene transduction was obtained at multiplicity of infection of 10, and gene expression lasted for over 4 weeks using our protocol. Lentiviral transduction did not affect osteoclast survival, formation, or function. These results establish an efficient method for gene transduction into human preosteoclasts using a lentiviral vector. Importantly, these transduced preosteoclasts could differentiate into mature osteoclasts without a negative impact from the lentiviruses. This protocol provides a new tool for studies of osteoclast biology. Further work in this area may open new avenues for the study of osteoclast gene signaling and gene therapy of disorders of osteoclast function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)315-320
Number of pages6
JournalDNA and Cell Biology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

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