The identification of mutations in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and translocations involving anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) in lung adenocarcinoma has drastically changed understanding of the disease and led to the development of targeted therapies. Adenocarcinoma of the urinary bladder is rare and poorly understood at the molecular level. We undertook this study to determine whether EGFR mutations, increases in EGFR copy number, or ALK translocations are present in these tumors. Twenty-eight cases of primary bladder adenocarcinoma were analyzed. For EGFR mutational analysis, PCR-amplified products were analyzed on the Q24 Pyrosequencer with Qiagen EGFR Pyro Kits. All cases were analyzed via fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using Vysis ALK Break Apart FISH Probes for detection of ALK chromosomal translocation and Vysis Dual Color Probes to assess for increased gene copy number of EGFR. None of the 28 cases examined showed mutational events in EGFR or ALK rearrangements. EGFR polysomy was seen in 10 out of 28 (36%) cases. No correlation with EGFR polysomy was seen in the tumors with respect to age, histologic subtypes, pathologic stage, or lymph node metastasis. In summary, EGFR mutations and ALK rearrangements do not appear to be involved in the development of primary adenocarcinoma of the urinary bladder. A subgroup of cases (36%), however, demonstrated increased gene copy number of EGFR by FISH.
- EML4-ALK rearrangement
- epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)
- gene copy number
- targeted therapy
- urinary bladder
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine