Elementary cognitive processes underlying verbal working memory in pre-lingually deaf children with cochlear implants

Angela M. AuBuchon, David Pisoni, William Kronenberger

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Individual differences in verbal working memory underlie the substantial variation routinely observed in speech and language outcomes of deaf children with cochlear implants. In this chapter we describe the nature of verbal working memory and its component processes: encoding, maintenance, and retrieval. We then present evidence suggesting that the verbal working memory delays and disturbances found recently in many young CI users are not idiopathic or anomalous but are consistent with a large body of earlier research in verbal working memory development in normal-hearing, typically-developing children. Specifically, pre-lingually deaf CI users appear to be at risk for slow and inefficient phonological recoding and verbal rehearsal processes because of the early atypical auditory and language environments in which their verbal working memory systems develop.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPediatric Cochlear Implantation: Learning and the Brain
PublisherSpringer New York
Pages257-273
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9781493927883
ISBN (Print)9781493927876
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Fingerprint

Cochlear Implants
Short-Term Memory
Language
Individuality
Hearing
Maintenance
Research

Keywords

  • Cochlear implants
  • Phonological recoding
  • Verbal rehearsal speed
  • Verbal short-term memory
  • Working memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Elementary cognitive processes underlying verbal working memory in pre-lingually deaf children with cochlear implants. / AuBuchon, Angela M.; Pisoni, David; Kronenberger, William.

Pediatric Cochlear Implantation: Learning and the Brain. Springer New York, 2016. p. 257-273.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

AuBuchon, Angela M. ; Pisoni, David ; Kronenberger, William. / Elementary cognitive processes underlying verbal working memory in pre-lingually deaf children with cochlear implants. Pediatric Cochlear Implantation: Learning and the Brain. Springer New York, 2016. pp. 257-273
@inbook{16caaabeff66465fadd96881cee720e0,
title = "Elementary cognitive processes underlying verbal working memory in pre-lingually deaf children with cochlear implants",
abstract = "Individual differences in verbal working memory underlie the substantial variation routinely observed in speech and language outcomes of deaf children with cochlear implants. In this chapter we describe the nature of verbal working memory and its component processes: encoding, maintenance, and retrieval. We then present evidence suggesting that the verbal working memory delays and disturbances found recently in many young CI users are not idiopathic or anomalous but are consistent with a large body of earlier research in verbal working memory development in normal-hearing, typically-developing children. Specifically, pre-lingually deaf CI users appear to be at risk for slow and inefficient phonological recoding and verbal rehearsal processes because of the early atypical auditory and language environments in which their verbal working memory systems develop.",
keywords = "Cochlear implants, Phonological recoding, Verbal rehearsal speed, Verbal short-term memory, Working memory",
author = "AuBuchon, {Angela M.} and David Pisoni and William Kronenberger",
year = "2016",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/978-1-4939-2788-3_17",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9781493927876",
pages = "257--273",
booktitle = "Pediatric Cochlear Implantation: Learning and the Brain",
publisher = "Springer New York",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Elementary cognitive processes underlying verbal working memory in pre-lingually deaf children with cochlear implants

AU - AuBuchon, Angela M.

AU - Pisoni, David

AU - Kronenberger, William

PY - 2016/1/1

Y1 - 2016/1/1

N2 - Individual differences in verbal working memory underlie the substantial variation routinely observed in speech and language outcomes of deaf children with cochlear implants. In this chapter we describe the nature of verbal working memory and its component processes: encoding, maintenance, and retrieval. We then present evidence suggesting that the verbal working memory delays and disturbances found recently in many young CI users are not idiopathic or anomalous but are consistent with a large body of earlier research in verbal working memory development in normal-hearing, typically-developing children. Specifically, pre-lingually deaf CI users appear to be at risk for slow and inefficient phonological recoding and verbal rehearsal processes because of the early atypical auditory and language environments in which their verbal working memory systems develop.

AB - Individual differences in verbal working memory underlie the substantial variation routinely observed in speech and language outcomes of deaf children with cochlear implants. In this chapter we describe the nature of verbal working memory and its component processes: encoding, maintenance, and retrieval. We then present evidence suggesting that the verbal working memory delays and disturbances found recently in many young CI users are not idiopathic or anomalous but are consistent with a large body of earlier research in verbal working memory development in normal-hearing, typically-developing children. Specifically, pre-lingually deaf CI users appear to be at risk for slow and inefficient phonological recoding and verbal rehearsal processes because of the early atypical auditory and language environments in which their verbal working memory systems develop.

KW - Cochlear implants

KW - Phonological recoding

KW - Verbal rehearsal speed

KW - Verbal short-term memory

KW - Working memory

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85016758832&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85016758832&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/978-1-4939-2788-3_17

DO - 10.1007/978-1-4939-2788-3_17

M3 - Chapter

AN - SCOPUS:85016758832

SN - 9781493927876

SP - 257

EP - 273

BT - Pediatric Cochlear Implantation: Learning and the Brain

PB - Springer New York

ER -