Elevated tph2 mRNA expression in a rat model of chronic anxiety

Nina C. Donner, Philip L. Johnson, Stephanie D. Fitz, Karen E. Kellen, Anantha Shekhar, Christopher A. Lowry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Scopus citations


Background Allelic variations in TPH2, the gene encoding tryptophan hydroxylase 2, the rate-limiting enzyme for brain serotonin (5-HT) biosynthesis, may be genetic predictors of panic disorder and panic responses to panicogenic challenges in healthy volunteers. To test the hypothesis that tph2 mRNA is altered in chronic anxiety states, we measured tph2 expression in an established rat model of panic disorder. Methods We implanted 16 adult, male rats with bilateral guide cannulae and then primed them with daily injections of the corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) receptor agonist, urocortin 1 (UCN1, 6 fmoles/100 nl per side, n = 8) or vehicle (n = 8) into the basolateral amygdaloid complex (BL) for 5 consecutive days. Anxiety-like behavior was assessed, 24 hr prior to and 48 hr following priming, in the social interaction (SI) test. A third group (n = 7) served as undisturbed home cage controls. All rats were killed 3 days after the last intra-BL injection to analyze tph2 and slc6a4 (gene encoding the serotonin transporter, SERT) mRNAexpression in the dorsal raphe nucleus (DR), the main source of serotonergic projections to anxiety-related brain regions, using in situ hybridization histochemistry. Results UCN1 priming increased anxiety-related behavior in the SI test compared to vehicle-injected controls and elevated tph2, but not slc6a4, mRNA expression in DR subregions, including the ventrolateral DR/ventrolateral periaqueductal gray (DRVL/VLPAG), a subregion previously implicated in control of panic-related physiologic responses. Tph2 mRNA expression in the DRVL/VLPAG was correlated with increased anxiety-related behavior. Conclusion Our data support the hypothesis that chronic anxiety states are associated with dysregulated tph2 expression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)307-319
Number of pages13
JournalDepression and anxiety
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2012


  • anxiety/anxiety disorders
  • biological markers
  • mood disorders
  • panic attacks/agoraphobia
  • stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

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