Emotional distress, drinking, and academic achievement across the adolescent life course

Timothy J. Owens, Nathan D. Shippee, Devon J. Hensel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Our study of the adolescent life course proposes that substantial maturation occurs within three intertwined arenas of development: the social, the psychological, and the normative attainment. Further, each arena may be linked, respectively, to three youth problem dimensions: drinking, depressive affect, and academic achievement. We use latent growth curves and the Youth Development Study (effective N = 856) to track a panel of teens from their freshman to senior year in high school. There are 54.4% girls and 45.6% boys, and 75.7% non-Hispanic whites and 24.3% other races/ethnicities. Two research goals are addressed: (1) estimate each dimension's unique developmental trajectory across high school, and (2) model the dimensions together in order to assess their reciprocal influences. While mean levels in all three dimensions increased over time, distinct developmental patterns were observed, especially in drinking and depression. For example, more drinking occasions-a social activity for most teens-may help assuage some teens' emotional distress, especially girls'. These patterns suggest a synergistic relationship between the social and psychological arenas of development. Contrary to expectation, higher freshman depressive affect was associated with a significantly sharper increase in GPA over time for girls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1242-1256
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Youth and Adolescence
Volume37
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2008

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Keywords

  • Academic achievement
  • Adolescent drinking
  • Emotional distress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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