Emotional response inhibition in bipolar disorder: A functional magnetic resonance imaging study of trait- and state-related abnormalities

Tom A. Hummer, Leslie A. Hulvershorn, Harish S. Karne, Abigail D. Gunn, Yang Wang, Amit Anand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Impaired response inhibition and poor impulse control are hallmarks of the manic phase of bipolar disorder but are also present during depressive and, to a lesser degree, euthymic periods. The neural mechanisms underlying these impairments are poorly understood, including how mechanisms are related to bipolar trait or state effects. Methods: One-hundred four unmedicated participants with bipolar mania (BM) (n = 30), bipolar depression (BD) (n = 30), bipolar euthymia (BE) (n = 14), and healthy control subjects (n = 30) underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging during emotional and nonemotional go/no-go tasks. The go/no-go task requires participants to press a button for go stimuli, while inhibiting the response to no-go trials. In separate blocks, participants inhibited the response to happy faces, sad faces, or letters. Results: The BE group had higher insula activity during happy face inhibition and greater activity in left inferior frontal gyrus during sad face inhibition, demonstrating bipolar trait effects. Relative to the BE group, BD and BM groups demonstrated lower insula activity during inhibition of happy faces, though the depressed sample had lower activity than manic patients. The BD and BM groups had a greater response to inhibiting sad faces in emotion processing and regulation regions, including putamen, insula, and lateral prefrontal cortex. The manic group also had higher activity in insula and putamen during neutral letter inhibition. Conclusions: These results suggest distinct trait- and state-related neural abnormalities during response inhibition in bipolar disorder, with implications for future research and treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)136-143
Number of pages8
JournalBiological psychiatry
Volume73
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2013

Keywords

  • Bipolar disorder
  • depression
  • emotion regulation
  • fMRI
  • impulsivity
  • mania

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biological Psychiatry

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