Empathic Responses to Affective Film Clips Following Brain Injury and the Association With Emotion Recognition Accuracy

Dawn Neumann, Barbra Zupan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To compare empathic responses to affective film clips in participants with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and controls, and examine associations with affect recognition. Design: Cross sectional study using a quasi-experimental design. Setting: Multi-site study conducted at a postacute rehabilitation facility in the United States and a university in Canada. Participants: Adults (N=120) with moderate to severe TBI (n=60) and those without TBI (n=60), frequency matched for age and sex. Average time postinjury was 14 years (range:.5-37). Main Outcome Measures: Participants were shown affective film clips and asked to report how the main character in the clip felt and how they personally felt in response to the clip. Empathic responses were operationalized as participants feeling the same emotion they identified the character to be feeling. Results: Participants with TBI had lower emotion recognition scores (P=.007) and fewer empathic responses than controls (67% vs 79%; P<.001). Participants with TBI accurately identified and empathically responded to characters’ emotions less frequently (65%) than controls (78%). Participants with TBI had poorer recognition scores and fewer empathic responses to sad and fearful clips compared to controls. Affect recognition was associated with empathic responses in both groups (P<.001). When participants with TBI accurately recognized characters’ emotions, they had an empathic response 71% of the time, which was more than double their empathic responses for incorrectly identified emotions. Conclusions: Participants with TBI were less likely to recognize and respond empathically to others’ expressions of sadness and fear, which has implications for interpersonal interactions and relationships. This is the first study in the TBI population to demonstrate a direct association between an affect stimulus and an empathic response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

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Motion Pictures
Surgical Instruments
Brain Injuries
Emotions
Traumatic Brain Injury
Fear
Canada
Research Design
Rehabilitation
Cross-Sectional Studies
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)

Keywords

  • Brain injury
  • Emotion
  • Empathy
  • Rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

Cite this

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title = "Empathic Responses to Affective Film Clips Following Brain Injury and the Association With Emotion Recognition Accuracy",
abstract = "Objective: To compare empathic responses to affective film clips in participants with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and controls, and examine associations with affect recognition. Design: Cross sectional study using a quasi-experimental design. Setting: Multi-site study conducted at a postacute rehabilitation facility in the United States and a university in Canada. Participants: Adults (N=120) with moderate to severe TBI (n=60) and those without TBI (n=60), frequency matched for age and sex. Average time postinjury was 14 years (range:.5-37). Main Outcome Measures: Participants were shown affective film clips and asked to report how the main character in the clip felt and how they personally felt in response to the clip. Empathic responses were operationalized as participants feeling the same emotion they identified the character to be feeling. Results: Participants with TBI had lower emotion recognition scores (P=.007) and fewer empathic responses than controls (67{\%} vs 79{\%}; P<.001). Participants with TBI accurately identified and empathically responded to characters’ emotions less frequently (65{\%}) than controls (78{\%}). Participants with TBI had poorer recognition scores and fewer empathic responses to sad and fearful clips compared to controls. Affect recognition was associated with empathic responses in both groups (P<.001). When participants with TBI accurately recognized characters’ emotions, they had an empathic response 71{\%} of the time, which was more than double their empathic responses for incorrectly identified emotions. Conclusions: Participants with TBI were less likely to recognize and respond empathically to others’ expressions of sadness and fear, which has implications for interpersonal interactions and relationships. This is the first study in the TBI population to demonstrate a direct association between an affect stimulus and an empathic response.",
keywords = "Brain injury, Emotion, Empathy, Rehabilitation",
author = "Dawn Neumann and Barbra Zupan",
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N2 - Objective: To compare empathic responses to affective film clips in participants with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and controls, and examine associations with affect recognition. Design: Cross sectional study using a quasi-experimental design. Setting: Multi-site study conducted at a postacute rehabilitation facility in the United States and a university in Canada. Participants: Adults (N=120) with moderate to severe TBI (n=60) and those without TBI (n=60), frequency matched for age and sex. Average time postinjury was 14 years (range:.5-37). Main Outcome Measures: Participants were shown affective film clips and asked to report how the main character in the clip felt and how they personally felt in response to the clip. Empathic responses were operationalized as participants feeling the same emotion they identified the character to be feeling. Results: Participants with TBI had lower emotion recognition scores (P=.007) and fewer empathic responses than controls (67% vs 79%; P<.001). Participants with TBI accurately identified and empathically responded to characters’ emotions less frequently (65%) than controls (78%). Participants with TBI had poorer recognition scores and fewer empathic responses to sad and fearful clips compared to controls. Affect recognition was associated with empathic responses in both groups (P<.001). When participants with TBI accurately recognized characters’ emotions, they had an empathic response 71% of the time, which was more than double their empathic responses for incorrectly identified emotions. Conclusions: Participants with TBI were less likely to recognize and respond empathically to others’ expressions of sadness and fear, which has implications for interpersonal interactions and relationships. This is the first study in the TBI population to demonstrate a direct association between an affect stimulus and an empathic response.

AB - Objective: To compare empathic responses to affective film clips in participants with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and controls, and examine associations with affect recognition. Design: Cross sectional study using a quasi-experimental design. Setting: Multi-site study conducted at a postacute rehabilitation facility in the United States and a university in Canada. Participants: Adults (N=120) with moderate to severe TBI (n=60) and those without TBI (n=60), frequency matched for age and sex. Average time postinjury was 14 years (range:.5-37). Main Outcome Measures: Participants were shown affective film clips and asked to report how the main character in the clip felt and how they personally felt in response to the clip. Empathic responses were operationalized as participants feeling the same emotion they identified the character to be feeling. Results: Participants with TBI had lower emotion recognition scores (P=.007) and fewer empathic responses than controls (67% vs 79%; P<.001). Participants with TBI accurately identified and empathically responded to characters’ emotions less frequently (65%) than controls (78%). Participants with TBI had poorer recognition scores and fewer empathic responses to sad and fearful clips compared to controls. Affect recognition was associated with empathic responses in both groups (P<.001). When participants with TBI accurately recognized characters’ emotions, they had an empathic response 71% of the time, which was more than double their empathic responses for incorrectly identified emotions. Conclusions: Participants with TBI were less likely to recognize and respond empathically to others’ expressions of sadness and fear, which has implications for interpersonal interactions and relationships. This is the first study in the TBI population to demonstrate a direct association between an affect stimulus and an empathic response.

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