Enamel demineralization and remineralization under plaque fluid-like conditions: A quantitative light-induced fluorescence study

F. Lippert, A. Butler, R. J.M. Lynch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations


The present study investigated de- and remineralization in enamel lesions under plaque fluid (PF)-like conditions using quantitative light-induced fluorescence (QLF). Preformed lesions were exposed to partially saturated lactic acid solutions, varying in pH and fluoride concentration ([F]) based on a 5 × 3 factorial study design (0/0.1/0.5/1.5/4 ppm F; pH 4.9/5.2/5.5). Average fluorescence loss (ΔF) was monitored for 11 days. Subsequently, lesions were demineralized in a partially saturated acetic acid solution for two 24-hour periods. Data were analyzed using repeated measures analysis of covariance. Lesions exposed to PF at 4 ppm F and pH 5.5 showed not only the most remineralization (ΔΔF = 28.2 ± 14.0%) for all groups after 11 days, but also the most demineralization (ΔΔF = -19.3 ± 13.5%) after subsequent acetic acid exposure. Increased [F] resulted in more remineralization, regardless of pH. Higher pH values resulted in more remineralization. No remineralization was observed in lesions exposed to F-free solutions, regardless of pH. Remineralization was noticeable under the following conditions: pH 4.9 - [F] = 4 ppm, pH 5.2 - [F] ≥ 1.5 ppm, and pH 5.5 - [F] ≥ 0.5 ppm. Overall, [F] had a stronger effect on remineralization than pH. Subsequent demineralization showed that little protection was offered by PF-like solutions, and further demineralization compared with baseline was observed on lesions not remineralized initially. [F] had a stronger effect on net mineral change than pH. The present study has shown that QLF is a valuable tool in studying lesion de- and remineralization under PF-like conditions, where [F] was shown to be more important than pH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)155-161
Number of pages7
JournalCaries research
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 1 2011



  • Demineralization
  • Fluoride
  • Plaque fluid
  • Quantitative light-induced fluorescence
  • Remineralization
  • pH

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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