Aileen F. Har, Joseph M. Croffie

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

12 Scopus citations


• The most common cause of encopresis is functional constipation with overflow incontinence. • Boys are affected more than girls, and usually there is an initiating event such as passage of a painful bowel movement, transition of food stages, or toilet training. • Organic causes of encopresis usually can be ruled out based on history and physical examination findings. • Enuresis and urinary tract infections are comorbidities that need to be addressed. • Children and their families often feel isolated and ostracized due to the condition. • Treatment involves a combination of medical therapy, behavioral modification, and counseling. Families need to understand that correction of encopresis is a long process and that relapses are common.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)368-374
Number of pages7
JournalPediatrics in Review
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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