End-of-life experiences in adolescents dying with cancer

Cynthia J. Bell, Jodi Skiles, Kamnesh Pradhan, Victoria L. Champion

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose This study explores the experiences of individuals in early, middle, and late adolescence dying from cancer. Place of death, medications used at end of life (EOL), and discussions prior to death are examined. Methods Data were obtained from a retrospective review of medical charts from 103 adolescents who died of cancer between 2000 and 2005. Results Adolescents with leukemia/lymphoma were relatively more likely to die in an intensive care unit (p= 0.028) where cause of death was more likely to be treatment- related (p< 0.001), and EOL discussions more likely to occur in the last 7 days of life (p= 0.002). Anxiolytic use was significantly higher during late adolescence (p=0.037). Conclusions Adolescents have unique developmental needs that should be considered at EOL. Timing of EOL discussions occurred very close to death for a significant number of adolescents, allowing very little time to psychologically prepare for death.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)827-835
Number of pages9
JournalSupportive Care in Cancer
Volume18
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2010

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Cancer
  • EOL

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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