Alterations in the structural properties of the microvasculature and in vasodilation mediated by endothelial- and, to some extent, nonendothelial- dependent mechanisms occurs in insulin-dependent diabetic humans and animals. Less severe problems of this type appear to occur during non-insulin- dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) in humans, but data based on animal models of NIDDM are not available. The endothelial- and nonendothelial- mediated dilation of intestinal arterioles was studied in insulin-resistant male Zucker fatty diabetic (DB) rats and their lean normal male littermates (LM) at ages 22-25 and 35-40 wk. DB become hyperglycemic (450-550 mg/100 ml) at age 9-10 wk. Microiontophoretic release of acetylcholine, ADP, and nitroprusside onto arterioles caused equivalent dilation in LM and DB for both large and intermediate diameter arterioles. Administration of streptozotocin (STZ) to DB at age 18-19 wk lowered their insulin concentration ~25% but did not significantly effect the resting plasma glucose concentration. However, endothelial-dependent vasodilation was attenuated by 70-80% within 8-10 wk. The overall results indicate that prolonged hyperglycemia in insulin-resistant but hyperinsulinemic rats does not impair the endothelial- and nonendothelial-dependent dilation of the intestinal microvasculature. However, compromising β-cell function with STZ, as indicated by lowering the insulin concentration by one-fourth, substantially compromises endothelial-dependent dilation similar to that found in insulin-dependent diabetic rats and humans.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|Issue number||6 37-6|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1995|
- non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
ASJC Scopus subject areas