Endovascular Intervention Versus Surgery in Ruptured Intracranial Aneurysms in Equipoise: A Systematic Review

Chung Liang Chai, Jin Pyeong Jeon, Yi Hsin Tsai, Paula Whittaker, R. Loch Macdonald, Antti E. Lindgren, Oliver G.S. Ayling, Marcus André Acioly, Aaron Cohen-Gadol, Yu Hua Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and Purpose - The benefits of endovascular intervention over surgery in the treatment of ruptured aneurysms of anterior circulation remains uncertain. Recently, published studies did not find superiority of endovascular intervention, challenging earlier evidence from a clinical trial. The earlier evidence also had a higher than average proportion of patients in good clinical status, leading to uncertainty about external validity of earlier trials. Methods - We performed a systematic review of studies after 2005 under a protocol published in the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews. Primary outcomes were posttreatment rebleeding and adverse events (procedural complications). Secondary outcomes were dependency at 3 to 6 and 12 months, delayed cerebral ischemia, and seizures. Results - Rebleeding was more frequent after endovascular intervention (Peto OR, 2.18 [95% CI, 1.29-3.70]; 3104 participants; 15 studies; I2=0%, Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation: very low certainty of evidence). Fewer adverse events were reported with the endovascular intervention (RR, 0.71 [95% CI, 0.53-0.95]; 1661 participants; 11 studies; I2=14%, Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation: low certainty of evidence). Three to six months dependency (RR, 0.82 [95% CI, 0.73-0.93]; 4081 participants; 18 studies; I2=15%, Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation: low certainty of evidence) and 12-month dependency (RR, 0.76 [95% CI, 0.66-0.86]; 1981 participants; 10 studies; I2=0%, Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation: low certainty of evidence) were lower after endovascular intervention. Conclusions - This study found consistent results between recent studies and the earlier evidence, in that endovascular intervention results in lower chance of dependency compared with surgery for repair of ruptured anterior circulation aneurysms. A lower proportion of patients in good clinical status in this review supports the application of the earlier evidence. Registration - URL: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO. Unique identifier: CRD42018090396.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1703-1711
Number of pages9
JournalStroke
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • craniotomy
  • endovascular procedures
  • intracranial aneurysm
  • treatment outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

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    Chai, C. L., Pyeong Jeon, J., Tsai, Y. H., Whittaker, P., Macdonald, R. L., Lindgren, A. E., Ayling, O. G. S., Acioly, M. A., Cohen-Gadol, A., & Huang, Y. H. (Accepted/In press). Endovascular Intervention Versus Surgery in Ruptured Intracranial Aneurysms in Equipoise: A Systematic Review. Stroke, 1703-1711. https://doi.org/10.1161/STROKEAHA.120.028798