Objectives: This study sought to investigate markers of success following slow pathway ablation for atrioventricular nodal re-entrant tachycardia (AVNRT). Background: Published data are conflicting. Methods: The authors studied 1,007 patients with typical AVNRT and 77 patients with atypical AVNRT. Results: Following ablation, tachycardia was rendered not inducible in all patients. One case of transient (0.09%) and 1 of permanent (0.09%) atrioventricular (AV) block were encountered. At a 3-month follow-up, arrhythmia recurrence was noted in 21 (2.10%) patients in the typical and 3 (3.90%) patients in the atypical group (odds ratio: 0.525; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.153 to 1.802; p = 0.298). To predict absence of recurrence in 3 months, the induction of junctional rhythm (95.70% in typical and 96.10% in atypical groups) had sensitivity of 95.9% (95% CI: 94.6% to 97.0%) and specificity of 4.20% (95% CI: 0.11% to 21.10%), while the absence of dual AV nodal conduction post-ablation had sensitivity of 65.2% (95% CI: 62.2% to 68.1%) and specificity of 33.30% (95% CI: 15.60% to 55.30%). Neither junctional rhythm nor residual dual AV nodal pathway conduction were predictive of arrhythmia recurrence by univariate analysis. In long-term follow-up data available for 239 patients, arrhythmia-free survival was not associated with the induction of junctional rhythm or the absence of residual dual AV nodal conduction (log-rank test, p = 0.819 and p = 0.226, respectively). Conclusions: Induction of a junctional rhythm during ablation is a sensitive but not a specific marker of success. Residual dual AV nodal conduction is not predictive of recurrence. Noninducibility of the arrhythmia, usually after ablation-induced junctional rhythm, and despite isoproterenol challenge, is the most credible endpoint for success.
- slow pathway
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)