Enhanced green fluorescent protein is a nearly ideal long-term expression tracer for hematopoietic stem cells, whereas DsRed-Express fluorescent protein is not

Wen Tao, Barbara Graham Evans, Jing Yao, Scott Cooper, Kenneth Cornetta, Christopher B. Ballas, Giao Hangoc, Hal E. Broxmeyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Validated gene transfer and expression tracers are essential for elucidating functions of mammalian genes. Here, we have determined the suitability and unintended side effects of enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) and DsRed-Express fluorescent protein as expression tracers in long-term hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). Retrovirally transduced mouse bone marrow cells expressing either EGFP or DsRed-Express in single or mixed dual-color cell populations were clearly discerned by flow cytometry and fluorescence microscopy. The results from in vivo competitive repopulation assays demonstrated that EGFP-expressing HSCs were maintained nearly throughout the lifespan of the transplanted mice and retained long-term multilineage repopulating potential. All mice assessed at 15 months post-transplantation were EGFP positive, and, on average, 24% total peripheral white blood cells expressed EGFP. Most EGFP-expressing recipient mice lived at least 22 months. In contrast, Discosoma sp. red fluorescent protein (DsRed)-expressing donor cells dramatically declined in transplant-recipient mice over time, particularly in the competitive setting, in which mixed EGFP- and DsRed-expressing cells were cotransplanted. Moreover, under in vitro culture condition favoring preservation of HSCs, purified EGFP-expressing cells grew robustly, whereas DsRed-expressing cells did not. Therefore, EGFP has no detectable deteriorative effects on HSCs, and is nearly an ideal long-term expression tracer for hematopoietic cells; however, DsRed-Express fluorescent protein is not suitable for these cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)670-678
Number of pages9
JournalSTEM CELLS
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2007

Keywords

  • Discosoma sp. red fluorescent protein
  • Enhanced green fluorescent protein
  • Gene transfer and expression tracers
  • Hematopoietic stem cells
  • Progenitor cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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