Granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor-interleukin 3 (GM-CSF-IL-3) fusion proteins were generated by construction of a plasmid in which the coding regions of human GM-CSF and IL-3 cDNAs were connected by a synthetic linker sequence followed by subsequent expression in yeast. Both GM-CSF-IL-3 and IL-3-GM-CSF fusion proteins were purified to homogeneity and shown to bind to cell-surface receptors through either their GM-CSF or IL-3 domains. The fusion proteins exhibited enhanced receptor affinity, proliferative activity, and hematopoietic colony-stimulating activity compared with either IL-3 and/or GM-CSF alone. This suggests that GM-CSF-IL-3 fusion proteins may hold future promise as therapeutic agents.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Jul 1 1991|
- Growth factors
ASJC Scopus subject areas