Enhanced myocardial relaxation in vivo in transgenic mice overexpressing the β2-adrenergic receptor is associated with reduced phospholamban protein

Howard A. Rockman, Raeann Hamilton, Larry R. Jones, Carmelo A. Milano, Lan Mao, Robert J. Lefkowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Scopus citations


To assess the effect of targeted myocardial β-adrenergic receptor (AR) stimulation on relaxation and phospholamban regulation, we studied the physiological and biochemical alterations associated with overexpression of the human β2-AR gene in transgenic mice. These mice have an ~200-fold increase in β-AR density and a 2-fold increase in basal adenylyl cyclase activity relative to negative littermate controls. Mice were catheterized with a high fidelity micromanometer and hemodynamic recordings were obtained in vivo. Overexpression of the β2-AR altered parameters of relaxation. At baseline, LV dP/dt(min) and the time constant of LV pressure isovolumic decay (Tau) in the transgenic mice were significantly shorter compared with controls, indicating markedly enhanced myocardial relaxation. Isoproterenol stimulation resulted in shortening of relaxation velocity in control mice but not in the transgenic mice, indicating maximal relaxation in these animals. Immunoblotting analysis revealed a selective decrease in the amount of phospholamban protein, without a significant change in the content for either sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase or calsequestrin, in the transgenic hearts compared with controls. This study indicates that myocardial relaxation is both markedly enhanced and maximal in these mice and that conditions associated with chronic β-AR stimulation can result in a selective reduction of phospholamban protein.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1618-1623
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Issue number7
StatePublished - Apr 1 1996


  • β-adrenergic receptor
  • myocardial relaxation
  • phospholamban
  • sarcoplasmic reticulum
  • transgenic mice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Enhanced myocardial relaxation in vivo in transgenic mice overexpressing the β<sub>2</sub>-adrenergic receptor is associated with reduced phospholamban protein'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this