Background: Patients with heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction demonstrate enhanced response to drug-induced QT interval lengthening and are at increased risk for torsades de pointes. The influence of HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) on response to drug-induced QT lengthening is unknown. Methods and Results: We administered intravenous ibutilide 0.003 mg/kg to 10 patients with HFpEF and 10 age- and sex-matched control subjects without HF. Serial 12-lead electrocardiograms were obtained for determination of QT intervals. Demographics, maximum serum ibutilide concentrations, area under the serum ibutilide concentration vs time curves, and baseline Fridericia-corrected QT (QTF) (417 ± 14 vs 413 ± 15 ms, P =.54) were similar in the HFpEF and control groups. Area under the effect (QTFvs time) curve (AUEC) from 0 to 1.17 hours during and following the ibutilide infusion was greater in the HFpEF group (519 ± 19 vs 497 ± 18 ms·h, P=.04), as was AUEC from 0 to 8.17 hours (3576 ± 125 vs 3428 ± 161 ms·h, P =.03) indicating greater QTF interval exposure. Maximum QTF (454 ± 15 vs 443 ± 22 ms, P =.18) and maximum percent increase in QTF from baseline (8.2 ± 2.1 vs 6.7 ± 1.9%, P =.10) in the 2 groups were not significantly different. Conclusions: HFpEF is associated with enhanced response to drug-induced QT interval lengthening.
- QT interval
- heart failure with preserved ejection fraction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine