Study Objective. To evaluate the use of enteral fish oil for the treatment of parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease (PNALD). Design. Retrospective case series. Setting. Pediatric academic hospital and outpatient clinic. Patients. Six parenteral nutrition-dependent infants with short-bowel syndrome and PNALD. Measurements and Main Results. The six infants received supplementation with enteral fish oil, and treatment was evaluated over a 12-week period. The PNALD, as reflected by elevated total bilirubin levels, completely reversed in four of the six infants within a mean ± SD of 5 ± 2.6 weeks (range 2-8 wks) after initiation of the enteral fish oil supplementation. In addition, improvement in enteral feedings occurred after starting enteral fish oil therapy. Conclusion. Enteral fish oil may be an effective adjunctive treatment option for infants with PNALD, particularly for those infants with PNALD who are tolerating some amount of enteral nutrition as the result of an adequate amount of small bowel.
- Enteral fish oil
- Parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease
- Short-bowel syndrome
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)