Environmental, socio-demographic and behavioural determinants of malaria risk in the western Kenyan highlands

A case-control study

Kacey C. Ernst, Kim A. Lindblade, David Koech, Peter O. Sumba, Dickens O. Kuwuor, Chandy John, Mark L. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective To identify risk factors for uncomplicated malaria in highland areas of East Africa at higher risk of malaria epidemics, in order to design appropriate interventions. Methods Prospective, population-based, case-control study in the Nandi Hills, a highland area of western Kenya, to identify environmental, sociodemographic and behavioural factors associated with clinical malaria. Data were collected using field observation, a structured questionnaire, and a global positioning system device. Results We interviewed 488 cases of slide-confirmed malaria and 980 age-matched controls. Multivariate analyses associated higher malaria risk with living

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1258-1265
Number of pages8
JournalTropical Medicine and International Health
Volume14
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Malaria
Case-Control Studies
Demography
Eastern Africa
Geographic Information Systems
Kenya
Multivariate Analysis
Observation
Equipment and Supplies
Population

Keywords

  • Case-control
  • Environmental
  • Highland malaria
  • Household-level
  • Plasmodium falciparum
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Parasitology

Cite this

Environmental, socio-demographic and behavioural determinants of malaria risk in the western Kenyan highlands : A case-control study. / Ernst, Kacey C.; Lindblade, Kim A.; Koech, David; Sumba, Peter O.; Kuwuor, Dickens O.; John, Chandy; Wilson, Mark L.

In: Tropical Medicine and International Health, Vol. 14, No. 10, 10.2009, p. 1258-1265.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ernst, Kacey C. ; Lindblade, Kim A. ; Koech, David ; Sumba, Peter O. ; Kuwuor, Dickens O. ; John, Chandy ; Wilson, Mark L. / Environmental, socio-demographic and behavioural determinants of malaria risk in the western Kenyan highlands : A case-control study. In: Tropical Medicine and International Health. 2009 ; Vol. 14, No. 10. pp. 1258-1265.
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