Two deep-sea hydrothermal vent organisms, the tube worm Riftia pachyptila and the clam Calyptogena magnifica, contain superoxide dismutase, dianisidine peroxidase, and glutathione peroxidase. The tube worm trophosome exhibits an iron-containing superoxide dismutase, ordinarily associated with prokaryotes and not previously seen in an animal tissue, in accord with the presence of symbiotic bacteria in this tissue. The enzymes which provide a defense against oxygen toxicity are thus present in these animals.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology