Epidemiology and cause-specific outcomes of facial fracture in hospitalized children

Tahereh Soleimani, S. Travis Greathouse, Teresa M. Bell, Sarah I. Fernandez, Joseph O'Neil, Roberto L. Flores, Tholpady Sunil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations


Purpose Facial fractures in the pediatric population have a significant impact on public health. Although some demographic data exists regarding the overall epidemiology of facial fractures, little attention has been paid to the patterns of facial fractures based on the etiology of the trauma. Material and methods The Kids' Inpatient Database 2000-2009 was utilized to analyze pediatric facial fractures. A total of 21,533 patients were identified. Associations of patient characteristics with outcomes of interest were assessed. Results The top three etiologies were motor vehicle accident (MVA), intentional trauma (IT), and falls. There was a decrease in the incidence of facial fractures due to MVAs and an increase in injuries due to IT and falls. Concomitant injuries were present in 58.8% and the mortality rate was 2%. The rate of concomitant injuries increased during study period. Age was significantly associated with concomitant injury, mortality, and LOS. Conclusion The increasing rate of IT and falls with concomitant injury warrants special consideration to reduce undiagnosed accompanying injuries. Further programs should be put in place to protect children younger than 5 years of age, who have increased risk of concomitant injury and mortality following intentional trauma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1979-1985
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery
Issue number10
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015


  • Facial fracture
  • Fall
  • Intentional trauma
  • Motor vehicle accident
  • Outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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    Soleimani, T., Greathouse, S. T., Bell, T. M., Fernandez, S. I., O'Neil, J., Flores, R. L., & Sunil, T. (2015). Epidemiology and cause-specific outcomes of facial fracture in hospitalized children. Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery, 43(10), 1979-1985. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcms.2015.10.008