Epidemiology of Hunting Stand Injuries Presenting to US Emergency Departments, 2008-2013

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To determine the epidemiology of injuries from hunting stands presenting to US emergency departments (EDs). Methods The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) database was queried for ED visits for the period 2008 through 2013 for hunting stand injuries and analyzed for age, diagnosis, sex, race, anatomic location of the injury, the use of alcohol, and association with a gunshot wound. Results There were an estimated 38,308 visits with an average age of 40.0 years (range, 1-83 years). The patients were predominantly male (93.3%), white (99.1%), and seen at small- or medium-size hospitals (80.6%). Disposition from the ED was admission in 20.1% and released in 79.9%. A fall occurred in 80.3%, a gunshot wound in 0.4%, and alcohol was involved in 0.6%. The most common diagnoses were a fracture (34.7%), contusion or abrasion (24.0%), strain or sprain (16.8%), laceration (7.7%), and internal organ injury (5.4%). Those injured in a fall were more frequently admitted (23.0% vs. 8.7%) and more likely to have a fracture (37.9% vs. 9.1%). Those with a fracture were older (44.6% vs. 37.9%). Those with internal organ injuries were more frequently admitted (44.8% vs 18.6%). Conclusions This study has characterized the epidemiology of hunting stand injuries with most occurring from falls. A fracture was the most common injury with a very low alcohol intoxication rate. These baseline data can now be used to compare other studies of hunting stand injuries and guide prevention strategies, such as education regarding the need for safety measures to prevent falls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number508
Pages (from-to)387-394
Number of pages8
JournalWilderness and Environmental Medicine
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015

Keywords

  • epidemiology
  • firearm
  • hunting
  • hunting stands
  • injury
  • tree stands

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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