Epidermal growth factor inhibits the proliferation of a human endometrial carcinoma cell line

Murray Korc, Jose Padilla, David Grosso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Specific epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptors were measured in RL95-2 human endometrial carcinoma cells. At 37 C, binding of 125I-labeled EGF was associated with marked ligand internalization. Maximal cell surface binding occurred within 10 min. Bound [125I]EGF was partially degraded to low mol wt products, and this degradation was blocked by the lysosomotropic compound ammonium chloride. At 4 C, maximal cell surface binding occurred at 3 h. Scatchard analysis of data obtained after 3 h at 4 C revealed a single order of binding sites with a Kd of 1.8 nM and approximately 150, 000 surface receptors/cell. EGF, at a concentration of 0.83 nM, inhibited the proliferation of RL95-2 cells. Inhibition was reversible and was associated with morphological changes leading to a fusiform appearance of the growth-arrested cells. These findings indicate that RL95-2 human endometrial carcinoma cells bind, internalize, and degrade EGF in a manner similar to that described for other target cells for EGF action. The ability of EGF to inhibit the growth of RL95-2 cells supports the hypothesis that this type of inhibition is dependent on postreceptor events, rather than on the presence of an overabundance of EGF receptors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)874-880
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume62
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1986

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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