Episodic vestibular disruption following ablation of the inferior olive in rats: Behavioral correlates

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9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The experiments herein investigate whether the behavioral responses to transient and episodic vestibular disruption and permanent ablation are distinct in the absence of climbing fiber input. Subjects in group 1 received an IP injection of PBS followed by an IP injection of niacinamide. Seven days later these rats received the first of 3 serial transtympanic injections of TTX on the same side with 7 days between each injection. Following each TTX injection rats displayed unilateral vestibular symptoms that persisted beyond 48 h. Spontaneous barrel rolling behavior was not observed. Group 2 subjects received an IP injection of 3-acetylpyridine (3-AP) + niacinamide followed by the same TTX regimen as group 1. Following each TTX injection vestibular symptoms (severe body twisting and persistent spontaneous barrel rolling) emerged rapidly (<15 min) and resolved by 72 h. Group 3 subjects received an IP injection of 3-AP + niacinamide and 7 days later a single unilateral transtympanic injection of sodium arsanilate. Rats in group 3 developed vestibular symptoms similar to those observed in group 2 although there was no resolution of these symptoms. The results indicate that TTX has a rapid rate of infiltration and blockade of the VIIIth nerve that persists for >48 h and then completely resolves. The contrast in vestibular symptoms between groups 1 and 2 suggest that climbing fibers are recruited soon after onset of vestibular disruption and play a role in attenuating the severity of vestibular symptoms associated with transient/episodic vestibular disruption.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)128-138
Number of pages11
JournalBehavioural Brain Research
Volume175
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 25 2006

Keywords

  • Climbing fibers
  • Deafferentation
  • Tetrodotoxin
  • Vertigo
  • Vestibular

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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