Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma of the superior vena cava: Computed tomography demonstration and review of the literature

Gilbert R. Ferretti, Caroline Chiles, Ralph D. Woodruff, Robert H. Choplin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

A case is reported of a 79-year-old man with rapid onset of superior vena cava syndrome caused by an epithelioid hemangioendothelioma. Contrast-enhanced helical computed tomography showed a soft-tissue mass with punctate calcifications obstructing the superior vena cava and infiltrating adjacent fat. Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma is a very rare primary mesenchymal tumor of the superior vena cava that often presents with calcifications. It should to be added to the differential diagnosis of tumors of the anterior mediastinum.

Keywords

  • Hemangioendothelioma, epithelioid
  • Mediastinal neoplasms
  • Superior vena cava syndrome
  • Tomography, x-ray computed
  • Vascular neoplasms
  • Vena cava, superior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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