Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma of the superior vena cava: Computed tomography demonstration and review of the literature

Gilbert R. Ferretti, Caroline Chiles, Ralph D. Woodruff, Robert H. Choplin

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28 Scopus citations


A case is reported of a 79-year-old man with rapid onset of superior vena cava syndrome caused by an epithelioid hemangioendothelioma. Contrast-enhanced helical computed tomography showed a soft-tissue mass with punctate calcifications obstructing the superior vena cava and infiltrating adjacent fat. Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma is a very rare primary mesenchymal tumor of the superior vena cava that often presents with calcifications. It should to be added to the differential diagnosis of tumors of the anterior mediastinum.


  • Hemangioendothelioma, epithelioid
  • Mediastinal neoplasms
  • Superior vena cava syndrome
  • Tomography, x-ray computed
  • Vascular neoplasms
  • Vena cava, superior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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