Establishing a Low-Resource Simulation Emergency Medicine Curriculum in Nepal

Alfred Wang, Nicholas Saltarelli, Dylan Cooper, Yogendra Amatya, Darlene R. House

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Introduction: High-fidelity medical simulation is widely used in emergency medicine training because it mirrors the fast-paced environment of the emergency department (ED). However, simulation is not common in emergency medicine training programs in lower-resourced countries as cost, availability of resources, and faculty experience are potential limitations. We initiated a simulation curriculum in a low-resource environment. Methods: We created a simulation lab for medical officers and students on their emergency medicine rotation at a teaching hospital in Patan, Nepal, with 48,000 ED patient visits per year. We set up a simulation lab consisting of a room with one manikin, an intubation trainer, and a projector displaying a simulation cardiac monitor. In this environment, we ran a total of eight cases over 4 simulation days. Debriefing was done at the end of each case. At the end of the curriculum, an electronic survey was delivered to the medical officers to seek improvement for future cases. Results: All eight cases were well received, and learners appreciated the safe learning space and teamwork. Of note, the first simulation case that was run (the airway lab) was more difficult for learners due to lack of experience. Survey feedback included improving the debriefing content and adding further procedural skills training. Discussion: Simulation is a valuable experience for learners in any environment. Although resources may be limited abroad, a sustainable simulation lab can be constructed and potentially play a supportive role in developing an emergency medicine curriculum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10924
Number of pages1
JournalMedEdPORTAL : the journal of teaching and learning resources
StatePublished - Jul 15 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Emergency Medicine
  • Global Health
  • Simulation

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