Sex differences in myocardial recovery have been reported after acute ischemia and reperfusion injury. Estrogen and the estrogen receptor are critical determinants of cardiovascular sex differences. However, the mechanistic pathways responsible for these differences remain unknown. We hypothesized that estrogen receptor-α is an important modulator of 1) myocardial functional recovery after ischemia and 2) inflammatory signaling via MAPK. To study this, adult male and female wild-type (WT) and estrogen receptor-α knockout (ER1KO) mouse hearts were isolated, perfused via Langendorff model, and subjected to 20 min of ischemia and 60 min of reperfusion. Myocardial contractile function (left ventricular developed pressure and positive and negative first derivative of pressure) was continuously recorded. After ischemia-reperfusion, hearts were assessed for expression of inflammatory cytokines (ELISA) and activation of MAPK and caspase-3 (Western blot analysis). Data were analyzed with two-way ANOVA or Student's t-test, and P < 0.05 was statistically significant. ER1KO females exhibited significantly less functional recovery than WT females and were similar to WT males. Activated ERK was increased in female WT hearts compared with female ER1KO. Activated JNK was decreased in female WT hearts compared with female ER1KO. No significant differences were found between male WT, female WT, male ER1KO, and female ER1KO in activated p38 MAPK, proinflammatory cytokine expression, and proapoptotic signaling. Estrogen receptor-α plays a role in the protection observed in the female heart. Differential activation of MAPK may mediate this protection. Further studies are necessary to delineate these mechanistic pathways.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|State||Published - Jun 1 2006|
- Cardiac ischemia
- Mitogen-activated protein kinase
- Sex hormones
ASJC Scopus subject areas