Ethics Education in Surgical Residency Programs: A Review of the Literature

Paul R. Helft, Rachael E. Eckles, Laura Torbeck

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although ethics education in undergraduate medical school curricula has become essentially universal, and because ethics and professionalism have become integral parts of competency-based curricula for residents in nearly all specialties of medicine and surgery, it is not clear to what extent postgraduate surgical training routinely includes ethics education or skills training. Most general surgery residencies do not routinely integrate in-depth ethics skills training and assessment into their didactic curricula. In this article, we review the literature concerning ethics education in postgraduate surgical training programs. The few studies in the literature suggest that ethics education, when integrated in surgical residency curricula, can lead to measurable improvements in resident-centered outcomes, which include knowledge and confidence in handling ethical dilemmas. These curricula may lead to improvements in patient care. These findings suggest that ethics education for surgical residents is valuable but that questions regarding the optimal "dose" of ethics education and training as well as the optimal teaching methods would benefit from extended systematic evaluation and inquiry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-42
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Surgical Education
Volume66
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009

Fingerprint

Internship and Residency
Ethics
moral philosophy
Education
Curriculum
education
curriculum
resident
surgery
literature
Medical Schools
teaching method
didactics
patient care
training program
Patient Care
Teaching
confidence
Medicine
medicine

Keywords

  • Interpersonal Communication and Skills
  • Professionalism
  • System Based Practice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Education

Cite this

Ethics Education in Surgical Residency Programs : A Review of the Literature. / Helft, Paul R.; Eckles, Rachael E.; Torbeck, Laura.

In: Journal of Surgical Education, Vol. 66, No. 1, 01.01.2009, p. 35-42.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Helft, Paul R. ; Eckles, Rachael E. ; Torbeck, Laura. / Ethics Education in Surgical Residency Programs : A Review of the Literature. In: Journal of Surgical Education. 2009 ; Vol. 66, No. 1. pp. 35-42.
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