Ethics, law, and commercial surrogacy: A call for uniformity

Katherine Drabiak, Carole Wegner, Valita Fredland, Paul R. Helft

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations


In the United States at this time, no uniform federal law exists regarding commercial surrogacy, and state statutory schemes vary vastly, ranging from criminalization to legal recognition with contract enforcement. The authors examine how commercial surrogacy agencies utilize the Internet as a means for attracting parents and surrogates by employing emotional cultural rhetoric. By inducing both parents and surrogates to their jurisdiction, agencies circumvent vast discrepancies in state statutory regulative schemes and create a distinct interstate business, absent an efficient regulatory framework or legal recourse in some circumstances. The authors propose a uniform federal regulatory scheme premised upon regulating interstate business transactions to create accountability and legal remedies for both the parents and the surrogate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)300-309
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Law, Medicine and Ethics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Issues, ethics and legal aspects
  • Health Policy

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