Background and Aims: OncoGel (Protherics Salt Lake City, Inc, Salt Lake City, UT) is paclitaxel (PTX) formulated in a thermosensitive, biodegradable copolymer for focused cytotoxicity and radiosensitization. A phase 2a study suggested that EUS-guided PTX injection into esophageal tumors subsequently receiving radiotherapy was safe. Methods: In an international multicenter, prospective, randomized phase 2b study, patients with local or locoregional adenocarcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the esophagus/gastroesophageal junction and eligible for neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) before surgery were randomized to standard of care (SOC) plus EUS-guided PTX injection or SOC alone. PTX was injected in 0.5 to 1.0 mL aliquots throughout the tumor. Planned CRT as SOC was intravenous 5-fluorouracil for the first 4 days (weeks 1 and 5), intravenous cisplatin on the first day of each 5-fluorouracil course, and radiotherapy over 5.5 weeks. Patients were evaluated weekly during CRT and re-evaluated at 12 weeks for surgical eligibility and CT for change in overall tumor volume. Results: The analysis included 137 patients (97 males; mean age, 58 ± 9.1 years) randomized to PTX + SOC (n = 72) and SOC (n = 65) by using a modified intention-to-treat approach. Overall response by tumor volume between the PTX (12.5%) and the SOC group (20.0%; P = .24; odds ratio, 0.57; 95% confidence interval, 0.23-1.44) was similar. Pathologic complete response was higher in the SOC group (26.2% vs 12.5%; P = .046); however, 12-month survival (P = .412) and the overall frequency of 1 or more adverse events (P = .17) were similar between the 2 groups. Conclusions: SOC + PTX is safe but does not improve overall survival or overall tumor response at the primary tumor site for patients with local or locoregional cancer of the esophagus/gastroesophageal junction. (Clinical trial registration number: NCT00573131.).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging