Objective: To develop and test an Objective Structured Clinical Examination to evaluate the use of shared decision-making (SDM) in periviable counseling among fourth-year OB/GYN residents. Methods: Residents counseled a standardized patient presenting with preterm premature rupture of membranes at 23 weeks’ gestation. Braddock’s 9-item measure of SDM was adapted to a 10-item scoring rubric; rating each: 0 (absent), 1 (partial), or 2 (complete). Results: Twenty-six residents participated. All provided “complete” discussions of the clinical issue and “complete” or ‘partial’ ratings for informing the woman of her prognosis (62 and 38%, respectively) and addressing her role in decision-making (42 and 50%). Discussions of her goals and preferences were often absent (69 and 62%). Only 42% discussed uncertainties. Conclusion: Critical elements of SDM related to a woman’s values, goals and preferences were not explored when counseling about periviable delivery. Training in SDM is needed to advance communication skills for complex clinical decision-making.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Obstetrics and Gynecology