The PCR primer set Hp1-Hp2, which amplifies a 109-bp fragment of the 16S rRNA gene of Helicobacter pylori, has been widely used for the detection of H. pylori in clinical specimens. We have examined 34 stool samples and 50 human tissue samples from H. pylori-infected and uninfected patients, five human leukocyte samples, and one human cell line by this PCR method. All of these specimens produced a 109-bp PCR product. When Escherichia coli DNA was used as the template, several nonspecific bands, but not the 109-bp band, were observed. No PCR products were generated when DNA samples from five different fungi were used as templates. These results indicate that this 109- bp PCR product was amplified from the human genome. The 109-bp PCR product generated from various clinical specimens also hybridized with the probe pHp, corresponding to a region internal to the PCR product of Hp1-Hp2. We conclude that the 16S rRNA gene PCR with the primer set Hp1-Hp2 is not specific and cannot be used to detect H. pylori in clinical specimens.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Journal of clinical microbiology|
|State||Published - Nov 1 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)