Evaluation of adequacy of protein and energy

Jatinder Bhatia, Patricia Mena, Scott Denne, Cecilia García

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Growth assessment is the most common measure of nutritional adequacy in pediatrics, especially when evaluating nutrition of preterm neonates. The American Academy of Pediatrics defines postnatal nutrient intake to promote growth as one that "approximates the rate of growth..for a normal fetus of the same post-menstrual age."1 It is known that in the fetus, fat and lean body mass are accreted progressively as gestation progresses, whereas postnatal growth and observed accretion of fat and lean body mass differ. This review discusses anthropometric measures used to assess growth, biochemical markers used to monitor nutritional sufficiency, and the effect of growth trajectory in preterm infants on health outcomes later in life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S31-S36
JournalJournal of Pediatrics
Volume162
Issue number3 SUPPL.
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2 2013

Keywords

  • Blood urea nitrogen
  • BUN
  • DEXA
  • Dual emission x-ray absorptiometry
  • Growth velocity
  • GV
  • LBW
  • Low birth weight
  • SGA
  • Small for gestational age
  • Very low birth weight
  • VLBW

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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