Evaluation of Residual Antibacterial Effect of Human Radicular Dentin Treated with Triple and Double Antibiotic Pastes

Alaa H A Sabrah, Ghaeth H. Yassen, Kenneth Spolnik, Anderson Hara, Jeffrey Platt, Richard Gregory

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20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction The aim of this study was to investigate the residual antibacterial effect of human radicular dentin treated with various concentrations of triple antibiotic paste and double antibiotic paste (DAP). Methods Sterilized dentin specimens were randomly assigned to 6 treatment groups and a no-treatment control group (n = 45 per group). For treatment groups, specimens were treated with either TAP or DAP at various concentrations (1000, 1, or 0.5 mg/mL) for 2 weeks. Then, each specimen was irrigated with 5 mL saline and incubated in phosphate-buffered solutions for 3, 7, 14, or 30 days. After that, Enterococcus faecalis was cultured on the specimens for 3 days. Each specimen was then transferred to a tube containing 200 μL saline, sonicated, and vortexed to detach the bacterial biofilm. The detached biofilm was spiral plated, and the number of colony-forming units was determined using an automated counting machine. Results Dentin specimens treated with 1000 mg/mL TAP or DAP had a significant residual antibacterial effect up to 14 days and 30 days, respectively. No significant difference was observed between 1000 and 1 mg/mL TAP and DAP at all time points. Dentin treated with all concentrations of DAP has a significantly longer residual antibacterial effect compared with dentin treated with TAP at the same concentrations. Conclusions Radicular dentin treated with TAP and DAP showed a significant residual antibacterial effect compared with untreated dentin. All concentrations of DAP showed a significantly longer residual antibacterial effect compared with the same concentrations of TAP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1081-1084
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Endodontics
Volume41
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015

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Dentin
Ointments
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Biofilms
Enterococcus faecalis
Stem Cells
Phosphates
Control Groups

Keywords

  • Double antibiotic
  • endodontic regeneration
  • Enterococcus faecalis
  • substantivity
  • triple antibiotic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

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title = "Evaluation of Residual Antibacterial Effect of Human Radicular Dentin Treated with Triple and Double Antibiotic Pastes",
abstract = "Introduction The aim of this study was to investigate the residual antibacterial effect of human radicular dentin treated with various concentrations of triple antibiotic paste and double antibiotic paste (DAP). Methods Sterilized dentin specimens were randomly assigned to 6 treatment groups and a no-treatment control group (n = 45 per group). For treatment groups, specimens were treated with either TAP or DAP at various concentrations (1000, 1, or 0.5 mg/mL) for 2 weeks. Then, each specimen was irrigated with 5 mL saline and incubated in phosphate-buffered solutions for 3, 7, 14, or 30 days. After that, Enterococcus faecalis was cultured on the specimens for 3 days. Each specimen was then transferred to a tube containing 200 μL saline, sonicated, and vortexed to detach the bacterial biofilm. The detached biofilm was spiral plated, and the number of colony-forming units was determined using an automated counting machine. Results Dentin specimens treated with 1000 mg/mL TAP or DAP had a significant residual antibacterial effect up to 14 days and 30 days, respectively. No significant difference was observed between 1000 and 1 mg/mL TAP and DAP at all time points. Dentin treated with all concentrations of DAP has a significantly longer residual antibacterial effect compared with dentin treated with TAP at the same concentrations. Conclusions Radicular dentin treated with TAP and DAP showed a significant residual antibacterial effect compared with untreated dentin. All concentrations of DAP showed a significantly longer residual antibacterial effect compared with the same concentrations of TAP.",
keywords = "Double antibiotic, endodontic regeneration, Enterococcus faecalis, substantivity, triple antibiotic",
author = "Sabrah, {Alaa H A} and Yassen, {Ghaeth H.} and Kenneth Spolnik and Anderson Hara and Jeffrey Platt and Richard Gregory",
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T1 - Evaluation of Residual Antibacterial Effect of Human Radicular Dentin Treated with Triple and Double Antibiotic Pastes

AU - Sabrah, Alaa H A

AU - Yassen, Ghaeth H.

AU - Spolnik, Kenneth

AU - Hara, Anderson

AU - Platt, Jeffrey

AU - Gregory, Richard

PY - 2015/7/1

Y1 - 2015/7/1

N2 - Introduction The aim of this study was to investigate the residual antibacterial effect of human radicular dentin treated with various concentrations of triple antibiotic paste and double antibiotic paste (DAP). Methods Sterilized dentin specimens were randomly assigned to 6 treatment groups and a no-treatment control group (n = 45 per group). For treatment groups, specimens were treated with either TAP or DAP at various concentrations (1000, 1, or 0.5 mg/mL) for 2 weeks. Then, each specimen was irrigated with 5 mL saline and incubated in phosphate-buffered solutions for 3, 7, 14, or 30 days. After that, Enterococcus faecalis was cultured on the specimens for 3 days. Each specimen was then transferred to a tube containing 200 μL saline, sonicated, and vortexed to detach the bacterial biofilm. The detached biofilm was spiral plated, and the number of colony-forming units was determined using an automated counting machine. Results Dentin specimens treated with 1000 mg/mL TAP or DAP had a significant residual antibacterial effect up to 14 days and 30 days, respectively. No significant difference was observed between 1000 and 1 mg/mL TAP and DAP at all time points. Dentin treated with all concentrations of DAP has a significantly longer residual antibacterial effect compared with dentin treated with TAP at the same concentrations. Conclusions Radicular dentin treated with TAP and DAP showed a significant residual antibacterial effect compared with untreated dentin. All concentrations of DAP showed a significantly longer residual antibacterial effect compared with the same concentrations of TAP.

AB - Introduction The aim of this study was to investigate the residual antibacterial effect of human radicular dentin treated with various concentrations of triple antibiotic paste and double antibiotic paste (DAP). Methods Sterilized dentin specimens were randomly assigned to 6 treatment groups and a no-treatment control group (n = 45 per group). For treatment groups, specimens were treated with either TAP or DAP at various concentrations (1000, 1, or 0.5 mg/mL) for 2 weeks. Then, each specimen was irrigated with 5 mL saline and incubated in phosphate-buffered solutions for 3, 7, 14, or 30 days. After that, Enterococcus faecalis was cultured on the specimens for 3 days. Each specimen was then transferred to a tube containing 200 μL saline, sonicated, and vortexed to detach the bacterial biofilm. The detached biofilm was spiral plated, and the number of colony-forming units was determined using an automated counting machine. Results Dentin specimens treated with 1000 mg/mL TAP or DAP had a significant residual antibacterial effect up to 14 days and 30 days, respectively. No significant difference was observed between 1000 and 1 mg/mL TAP and DAP at all time points. Dentin treated with all concentrations of DAP has a significantly longer residual antibacterial effect compared with dentin treated with TAP at the same concentrations. Conclusions Radicular dentin treated with TAP and DAP showed a significant residual antibacterial effect compared with untreated dentin. All concentrations of DAP showed a significantly longer residual antibacterial effect compared with the same concentrations of TAP.

KW - Double antibiotic

KW - endodontic regeneration

KW - Enterococcus faecalis

KW - substantivity

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