Telomeres, which are the repeated sequences located on both ends of chromosomes in eukaryotes, are known to shorten with each cell division, and their eventual loss is thought to result in cellular senescence. Unlike normal somatic cells, most tumor cells show activation of telomerase, a ribonucleoprotein enzyme that stably maintains telomere length by addition of the sequences of TTAGGG repeats to telomeres. The KC12 cell line derived from a renal cell carcinoma in a patient with von Hippel-Lindau disease showed telomerase activity and loss of heterozygosity on the short arm of chromosomes 3. Introduction of a normal human chromosome 3 into KC12 cells by microcell fusion induced cellular senescence, accompanied by suppression of telomerase activity and shortening of telomere length. Microcell hybrids that escaped from cellular senescence maintained telomere length and telomerase activity similar to those of the parental KC12 cells. We previously showed a similar suppression of telomerase activity by introduction of chromosome 3 into another renal cell carcinoma cell line, RCC23. The putative telomerase repressor gene was mapped to chromosome region 3p14.2-p21.1 by deletion mapping of KC12 + chromosome 3 revertants that escaped from cellular senescence and by transfer of subchromosomal fragments of chromosome 3 into RCC23 cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Genes Chromosomes and Cancer|
|State||Published - Oct 1 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research