Evidence for distinct membrane receptors for 1α,25-(OH)2D3 and 24R,25-(OH)2D3 in osteoblasts

Barbara D. Boyan, Lynda F. Bonewald, Victor L. Sylvia, Ilka Nemere, Dennis Larsson, Anthony W. Norman, Jennifer Rosser, David D. Dean, Zvi Schwartz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Scopus citations


1α,25-(OH)2D3 exerts its effects on chondrocytes and enterocytes via nuclear receptors (1,25-nVDR) and a separate membrane receptor (1,25-mVDR) that activates protein kinase C (PKC). 24R,25-(OH)2D3 also stimulates PKC in chondrocytes, but through other membrane mechanisms. This study examined the hypothesis that osteoblasts possess distinct membrane receptors for 1α,25-(OH)2D3 and 24R,25-(OH)2D3 that are involved in the activation of PKC and that receptor expression varies as a function of cell maturation state. 1α,25-(OH)2D3 stimulated PKC in well differentiated (UMR-106, MC-3T3-E1) and moderately differentiated (ROS 17/2.8) osteoblast-like cells, and in cultures of fetal rat calvarial (FRC) cells and 2T3 cells treated with rhBMP-2 to promote differentiation. 24R,25-(OH)2D3 stimulated PKC in FRC and 2T3 cultures that had not been treated to induce differentiation, and in ROS 17/2.8 cells. MG63 cells, a relatively undifferentiated osteoblast-like cell line, had no response to either metabolite. Ab99, a polyclonal antibody generated to the chick enterocyte 1,25-mVDR, but not a specific antibody to the 1,25-nVDR, inhibited response to 1α,25-(OH)2D3. 1α,25-(OH)2D3 exhibited specific binding to plasma membrane preparations from cells demonstrating a PKC response to this metabolite that is typical of positive cooperativity. Western blots of these membrane proteins reacted with Ab99, and the Ab99-positive protein had an Mr of 64 kDa. There was no cross-reaction with antibodies to the C- or N-terminus of annexin II. The effect of 24,25-(OH)2D3 on PKC was stereospecific; 24S,25-(OH)2D3 had no effect. These results demonstrate that response to 1α,25-(OH)2D3 and 24R,25-(OH)2D3 depends on osteoblast maturation state and suggest that specific and distinct membrane receptors are involved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)235-246
Number of pages12
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - Feb 26 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • 1α,25-(OH)D
  • 24R,25-(OH)D
  • Membrane receptors
  • Osteoblasts
  • Protein kinase C

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Endocrinology
  • Pharmacology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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    Boyan, B. D., Bonewald, L. F., Sylvia, V. L., Nemere, I., Larsson, D., Norman, A. W., Rosser, J., Dean, D. D., & Schwartz, Z. (2002). Evidence for distinct membrane receptors for 1α,25-(OH)2D3 and 24R,25-(OH)2D3 in osteoblasts. Steroids, 67(3-4), 235-246. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0039-128X(01)00160-X