Evolution of eIF2α kinases: Adapting translational control to diverse stresses

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

An important mechanism regulating protein synthesis involves phosphorylation of the α subunit of eukaryotic initiation factor-2 (eIF2α). In response to a range of environmental and physiological stresses, phosphorylation of eIF2α prevents this initiation factor from appropriately delivering initiator methionyl tRNA to the translation machinery. As a consequence there is lowered translation, which helps cells conserve energy and resources and better adapt to the underlying stress. During evolution, new eIF2α kinases arose by adjoining new combinations of stress-sensing regions to the kinase catalytic domain, culminating in their activation in response to different sets of stress conditions. The physiological traits of the organism and the nature of the environmental stress, along with the activating properties of each eIF2α kinase, help determine the nature and number of eIF2α kinases expressed in a given organism. This review will highlight current perspectives on the phylogenetic relationships between eIF2α kinases, the central structural and functional roles of their regulatory domains in the mechanisms regulating translational control, and how these eIF2α kinase family members evolved for optimal organism adaptation to stress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEvolution of the Protein Synthesis Machinery and Its Regulation
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages235-260
Number of pages26
ISBN (Electronic)9783319394688
ISBN (Print)9783319394671
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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    Rothenburg, S., Georgiadis, M. M., & Wek, R. C. (2016). Evolution of eIF2α kinases: Adapting translational control to diverse stresses. In Evolution of the Protein Synthesis Machinery and Its Regulation (pp. 235-260). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-39468-8_11