Evolution of the Human Family: Cooperative Males, Long Social Childhoods, Smart Mothers, and Extended Kin Networks

Mark V. Flinn, Robert J. Quinlan, Kathryn Coe, Carol V. Ward

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    32 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Humans are characterized by a distinctive set of traits, including: (1) large brains, (2) long periods of juvenile dependence, (3) extensive biparental care including large transfers of information, (4) multi-generational bi-lateral kin networks, (5) habitual bipedal locomotion, (6) use of the upper limbs for tool use including projectile weapons, (7) concealed or "cryptic" ovulation, (8) menopause, (9) culture including language, and (10) lethal competition among kin-based coalitions. The evolution and co-evolution of this suite of traits presents several evolutionary questions or puzzles that are central to understanding the human family. This chapter describes these puzzles, and suggests a resolution based on the importance of social competition during human evolution. It also considers the developmental issue of how the family social environment may affect the timing of reproductive maturation and how this timing is essential to an understanding of the family.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationFamily Relationships
    Subtitle of host publicationAn Evolutionary Perspective
    PublisherOxford University Press
    ISBN (Electronic)9780199786800
    ISBN (Print)9780195320510
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Sep 1 2007

    Fingerprint

    Mothers
    Weapons
    Social Environment
    Locomotion
    Menopause
    Ovulation
    Upper Extremity
    Language
    Brain

    Keywords

    • Biparental care
    • Concealed ovulation
    • Kin networks
    • Reproductive maturation
    • Social competition

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Psychology(all)

    Cite this

    Flinn, M. V., Quinlan, R. J., Coe, K., & Ward, C. V. (2007). Evolution of the Human Family: Cooperative Males, Long Social Childhoods, Smart Mothers, and Extended Kin Networks. In Family Relationships: An Evolutionary Perspective Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320510.003.0002

    Evolution of the Human Family : Cooperative Males, Long Social Childhoods, Smart Mothers, and Extended Kin Networks. / Flinn, Mark V.; Quinlan, Robert J.; Coe, Kathryn; Ward, Carol V.

    Family Relationships: An Evolutionary Perspective. Oxford University Press, 2007.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Flinn, MV, Quinlan, RJ, Coe, K & Ward, CV 2007, Evolution of the Human Family: Cooperative Males, Long Social Childhoods, Smart Mothers, and Extended Kin Networks. in Family Relationships: An Evolutionary Perspective. Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320510.003.0002
    Flinn MV, Quinlan RJ, Coe K, Ward CV. Evolution of the Human Family: Cooperative Males, Long Social Childhoods, Smart Mothers, and Extended Kin Networks. In Family Relationships: An Evolutionary Perspective. Oxford University Press. 2007 https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320510.003.0002
    Flinn, Mark V. ; Quinlan, Robert J. ; Coe, Kathryn ; Ward, Carol V. / Evolution of the Human Family : Cooperative Males, Long Social Childhoods, Smart Mothers, and Extended Kin Networks. Family Relationships: An Evolutionary Perspective. Oxford University Press, 2007.
    @inbook{03f9c6a51efa439ca1c14b5778b96885,
    title = "Evolution of the Human Family: Cooperative Males, Long Social Childhoods, Smart Mothers, and Extended Kin Networks",
    abstract = "Humans are characterized by a distinctive set of traits, including: (1) large brains, (2) long periods of juvenile dependence, (3) extensive biparental care including large transfers of information, (4) multi-generational bi-lateral kin networks, (5) habitual bipedal locomotion, (6) use of the upper limbs for tool use including projectile weapons, (7) concealed or {"}cryptic{"} ovulation, (8) menopause, (9) culture including language, and (10) lethal competition among kin-based coalitions. The evolution and co-evolution of this suite of traits presents several evolutionary questions or puzzles that are central to understanding the human family. This chapter describes these puzzles, and suggests a resolution based on the importance of social competition during human evolution. It also considers the developmental issue of how the family social environment may affect the timing of reproductive maturation and how this timing is essential to an understanding of the family.",
    keywords = "Biparental care, Concealed ovulation, Kin networks, Reproductive maturation, Social competition",
    author = "Flinn, {Mark V.} and Quinlan, {Robert J.} and Kathryn Coe and Ward, {Carol V.}",
    year = "2007",
    month = "9",
    day = "1",
    doi = "10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320510.003.0002",
    language = "English (US)",
    isbn = "9780195320510",
    booktitle = "Family Relationships",
    publisher = "Oxford University Press",

    }

    TY - CHAP

    T1 - Evolution of the Human Family

    T2 - Cooperative Males, Long Social Childhoods, Smart Mothers, and Extended Kin Networks

    AU - Flinn, Mark V.

    AU - Quinlan, Robert J.

    AU - Coe, Kathryn

    AU - Ward, Carol V.

    PY - 2007/9/1

    Y1 - 2007/9/1

    N2 - Humans are characterized by a distinctive set of traits, including: (1) large brains, (2) long periods of juvenile dependence, (3) extensive biparental care including large transfers of information, (4) multi-generational bi-lateral kin networks, (5) habitual bipedal locomotion, (6) use of the upper limbs for tool use including projectile weapons, (7) concealed or "cryptic" ovulation, (8) menopause, (9) culture including language, and (10) lethal competition among kin-based coalitions. The evolution and co-evolution of this suite of traits presents several evolutionary questions or puzzles that are central to understanding the human family. This chapter describes these puzzles, and suggests a resolution based on the importance of social competition during human evolution. It also considers the developmental issue of how the family social environment may affect the timing of reproductive maturation and how this timing is essential to an understanding of the family.

    AB - Humans are characterized by a distinctive set of traits, including: (1) large brains, (2) long periods of juvenile dependence, (3) extensive biparental care including large transfers of information, (4) multi-generational bi-lateral kin networks, (5) habitual bipedal locomotion, (6) use of the upper limbs for tool use including projectile weapons, (7) concealed or "cryptic" ovulation, (8) menopause, (9) culture including language, and (10) lethal competition among kin-based coalitions. The evolution and co-evolution of this suite of traits presents several evolutionary questions or puzzles that are central to understanding the human family. This chapter describes these puzzles, and suggests a resolution based on the importance of social competition during human evolution. It also considers the developmental issue of how the family social environment may affect the timing of reproductive maturation and how this timing is essential to an understanding of the family.

    KW - Biparental care

    KW - Concealed ovulation

    KW - Kin networks

    KW - Reproductive maturation

    KW - Social competition

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84920449267&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84920449267&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320510.003.0002

    DO - 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320510.003.0002

    M3 - Chapter

    AN - SCOPUS:84920449267

    SN - 9780195320510

    BT - Family Relationships

    PB - Oxford University Press

    ER -