Examining the Protective Effect of Ethnic Identity on Drug Attitudes and Use Among a Diverse Youth Population

Tamika C B Zapolski, Sycarah Fisher, Devin E. Banks, Devon Hensel, Jessica Barnes-Najor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ethnic identity is an important buffer against drug use among minority youth. However, limited work has examined pathways through which ethnic identity mitigates risk. School-aged youth (N = 34,708; 52 % female) of diverse backgrounds (i.e., African American (n = 5333), Asian (n = 392), Hispanic (n = 662), Multiracial (n = 2129), Native American (n = 474), and White (n = 25718) in grades 4–12 provided data on ethnic identity, drug attitudes, and drug use. After controlling for gender and grade, higher ethnic identity was associated with lower past month drug use for African American, Hispanic, and Multiracial youth. Conversely, high ethnic identity was associated with increased risk for White youth. An indirect pathway between ethnic identity, drug attitudes, and drug use was also found for African American, Hispanic, and Asian youth. Among White youth the path model was also significant, but in the opposite direction. These findings confirm the importance of ethnic identity for most minority youth. Further research is needed to better understand the association between ethnic identity and drug use for Multiracial and Hispanic youth, best ways to facilitate healthy ethnic identity development for minority youth, and how to moderate the risk of identity development for White youth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Youth and Adolescence
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Nov 9 2016

Fingerprint

ethnic identity
drug
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Population
drug use
Hispanic Americans
African Americans
minority
North American Indians
Buffers
school grade
gender

Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • Drug attitudes
  • Ethnic identity
  • Marijuana
  • Minorities
  • Youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Examining the Protective Effect of Ethnic Identity on Drug Attitudes and Use Among a Diverse Youth Population. / Zapolski, Tamika C B; Fisher, Sycarah; Banks, Devin E.; Hensel, Devon; Barnes-Najor, Jessica.

In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 09.11.2016, p. 1-14.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zapolski, Tamika C B ; Fisher, Sycarah ; Banks, Devin E. ; Hensel, Devon ; Barnes-Najor, Jessica. / Examining the Protective Effect of Ethnic Identity on Drug Attitudes and Use Among a Diverse Youth Population. In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence. 2016 ; pp. 1-14.
@article{37b1aa99ac0645e9b13b23633103f966,
title = "Examining the Protective Effect of Ethnic Identity on Drug Attitudes and Use Among a Diverse Youth Population",
abstract = "Ethnic identity is an important buffer against drug use among minority youth. However, limited work has examined pathways through which ethnic identity mitigates risk. School-aged youth (N = 34,708; 52 {\%} female) of diverse backgrounds (i.e., African American (n = 5333), Asian (n = 392), Hispanic (n = 662), Multiracial (n = 2129), Native American (n = 474), and White (n = 25718) in grades 4–12 provided data on ethnic identity, drug attitudes, and drug use. After controlling for gender and grade, higher ethnic identity was associated with lower past month drug use for African American, Hispanic, and Multiracial youth. Conversely, high ethnic identity was associated with increased risk for White youth. An indirect pathway between ethnic identity, drug attitudes, and drug use was also found for African American, Hispanic, and Asian youth. Among White youth the path model was also significant, but in the opposite direction. These findings confirm the importance of ethnic identity for most minority youth. Further research is needed to better understand the association between ethnic identity and drug use for Multiracial and Hispanic youth, best ways to facilitate healthy ethnic identity development for minority youth, and how to moderate the risk of identity development for White youth.",
keywords = "Alcohol, Drug attitudes, Ethnic identity, Marijuana, Minorities, Youth",
author = "Zapolski, {Tamika C B} and Sycarah Fisher and Banks, {Devin E.} and Devon Hensel and Jessica Barnes-Najor",
year = "2016",
month = "11",
day = "9",
doi = "10.1007/s10964-016-0605-0",
language = "English (US)",
pages = "1--14",
journal = "Journal of Youth and Adolescence",
issn = "0047-2891",
publisher = "Springer New York",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Examining the Protective Effect of Ethnic Identity on Drug Attitudes and Use Among a Diverse Youth Population

AU - Zapolski, Tamika C B

AU - Fisher, Sycarah

AU - Banks, Devin E.

AU - Hensel, Devon

AU - Barnes-Najor, Jessica

PY - 2016/11/9

Y1 - 2016/11/9

N2 - Ethnic identity is an important buffer against drug use among minority youth. However, limited work has examined pathways through which ethnic identity mitigates risk. School-aged youth (N = 34,708; 52 % female) of diverse backgrounds (i.e., African American (n = 5333), Asian (n = 392), Hispanic (n = 662), Multiracial (n = 2129), Native American (n = 474), and White (n = 25718) in grades 4–12 provided data on ethnic identity, drug attitudes, and drug use. After controlling for gender and grade, higher ethnic identity was associated with lower past month drug use for African American, Hispanic, and Multiracial youth. Conversely, high ethnic identity was associated with increased risk for White youth. An indirect pathway between ethnic identity, drug attitudes, and drug use was also found for African American, Hispanic, and Asian youth. Among White youth the path model was also significant, but in the opposite direction. These findings confirm the importance of ethnic identity for most minority youth. Further research is needed to better understand the association between ethnic identity and drug use for Multiracial and Hispanic youth, best ways to facilitate healthy ethnic identity development for minority youth, and how to moderate the risk of identity development for White youth.

AB - Ethnic identity is an important buffer against drug use among minority youth. However, limited work has examined pathways through which ethnic identity mitigates risk. School-aged youth (N = 34,708; 52 % female) of diverse backgrounds (i.e., African American (n = 5333), Asian (n = 392), Hispanic (n = 662), Multiracial (n = 2129), Native American (n = 474), and White (n = 25718) in grades 4–12 provided data on ethnic identity, drug attitudes, and drug use. After controlling for gender and grade, higher ethnic identity was associated with lower past month drug use for African American, Hispanic, and Multiracial youth. Conversely, high ethnic identity was associated with increased risk for White youth. An indirect pathway between ethnic identity, drug attitudes, and drug use was also found for African American, Hispanic, and Asian youth. Among White youth the path model was also significant, but in the opposite direction. These findings confirm the importance of ethnic identity for most minority youth. Further research is needed to better understand the association between ethnic identity and drug use for Multiracial and Hispanic youth, best ways to facilitate healthy ethnic identity development for minority youth, and how to moderate the risk of identity development for White youth.

KW - Alcohol

KW - Drug attitudes

KW - Ethnic identity

KW - Marijuana

KW - Minorities

KW - Youth

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84994472465&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84994472465&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10964-016-0605-0

DO - 10.1007/s10964-016-0605-0

M3 - Article

C2 - 27830403

AN - SCOPUS:84994472465

SP - 1

EP - 14

JO - Journal of Youth and Adolescence

JF - Journal of Youth and Adolescence

SN - 0047-2891

ER -