Excess mortality among Indiana firefighters, 1985-2013

Carolyn M. Muegge, Terrell Zollinger, Yiqing Song, Jennifer Wessel, Patrick O. Monahan, Steven M. Moffatt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Firefighters are exposed to toxic agents increasing their risk for cancer and cardiovascular disease. We examined the odds of cancer and cardiovascular mortality of firefighters relative to a matched group of non-firefighters from the general population. Methods: Firefighter death records were matched to four non-firefighter death records on age at time of death, sex, race, ethnicity, and year of death. Exact odds ratios, 95% confidence intervals, and P-values were calculated using conditional logistic regression to compare groups. Results: The odds of death due to malignant cancers was significantly higher for firefighters than non-firefighters (OR: 1.19; 95%CI 1.08, 1.30). There was no difference in the odds of death for cardiovascular diseases, including ischemic heart disease, between the two groups. Conclusions: The study suggests the importance of early and effective cancer prevention strategies among firefighters including worksite health promotion programs and incumbent physical activity evaluation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)961-967
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Industrial Medicine
Volume61
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

Fingerprint

Firefighters
Mortality
Death Certificates
Neoplasms
Cardiovascular Diseases
Poisons
Health Promotion
Workplace
Myocardial Ischemia
Research Design
Logistic Models
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Exercise
Population

Keywords

  • cancer
  • cardiovascular disease
  • case-reference
  • firefighters
  • mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Excess mortality among Indiana firefighters, 1985-2013. / Muegge, Carolyn M.; Zollinger, Terrell; Song, Yiqing; Wessel, Jennifer; Monahan, Patrick O.; Moffatt, Steven M.

In: American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Vol. 61, No. 12, 01.12.2018, p. 961-967.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Muegge, Carolyn M. ; Zollinger, Terrell ; Song, Yiqing ; Wessel, Jennifer ; Monahan, Patrick O. ; Moffatt, Steven M. / Excess mortality among Indiana firefighters, 1985-2013. In: American Journal of Industrial Medicine. 2018 ; Vol. 61, No. 12. pp. 961-967.
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