Executive functioning and speech-language skills following long-term use of cochlear implants

William Kronenberger, Bethany G. Colson, Shirley C. Henning, David Pisoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Neurocognitive processes such as executive functioning (EF) may influence the development of speech-language skills in deaf children after cochlear implantation in ways that differ from normal-hearing, typically developing children. Conversely, spoken language abilities and experiences may also exert reciprocal effects on the development of EF. The purpose of this study was to identify EF domains that are related to speech-language skills in cochlear implant (CI) users, compared to normal-hearing peers. Sixty-four prelingually deaf, early-implanted, long-term users of CIs and 74 normal-hearing peers equivalent in age and nonverbal intelligence completed measures of speech-language skills and three domains of EF: working memory, fluency-speed, and inhibitionconcentration. Verbal working memory and fluency-speed were more strongly associated with speech-language outcomes in the CI users than in the normal-hearing peers. Spatial working memory and inhibition-concentration correlated positively with language skills in normal-hearing peers but not in CI users. The core domains of EF that are associated with spoken language development are different in long-term CI users compared to normal-hearing peers, suggesting important dissociations in neurocognitive development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)456-470
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Cochlear Implants
Hearing
Language
language
Short-Term Memory
spoken language
Language Development
Cochlear Implantation
Aptitude
intelligence
Intelligence
ability
experience

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Speech and Hearing

Cite this

Executive functioning and speech-language skills following long-term use of cochlear implants. / Kronenberger, William; Colson, Bethany G.; Henning, Shirley C.; Pisoni, David.

In: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, Vol. 19, No. 4, 2014, p. 456-470.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{b70576a9f34a4ee48439dab0f4a8a112,
title = "Executive functioning and speech-language skills following long-term use of cochlear implants",
abstract = "Neurocognitive processes such as executive functioning (EF) may influence the development of speech-language skills in deaf children after cochlear implantation in ways that differ from normal-hearing, typically developing children. Conversely, spoken language abilities and experiences may also exert reciprocal effects on the development of EF. The purpose of this study was to identify EF domains that are related to speech-language skills in cochlear implant (CI) users, compared to normal-hearing peers. Sixty-four prelingually deaf, early-implanted, long-term users of CIs and 74 normal-hearing peers equivalent in age and nonverbal intelligence completed measures of speech-language skills and three domains of EF: working memory, fluency-speed, and inhibitionconcentration. Verbal working memory and fluency-speed were more strongly associated with speech-language outcomes in the CI users than in the normal-hearing peers. Spatial working memory and inhibition-concentration correlated positively with language skills in normal-hearing peers but not in CI users. The core domains of EF that are associated with spoken language development are different in long-term CI users compared to normal-hearing peers, suggesting important dissociations in neurocognitive development.",
author = "William Kronenberger and Colson, {Bethany G.} and Henning, {Shirley C.} and David Pisoni",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1093/deafed/enu011",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
pages = "456--470",
journal = "Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education",
issn = "1081-4159",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Executive functioning and speech-language skills following long-term use of cochlear implants

AU - Kronenberger, William

AU - Colson, Bethany G.

AU - Henning, Shirley C.

AU - Pisoni, David

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Neurocognitive processes such as executive functioning (EF) may influence the development of speech-language skills in deaf children after cochlear implantation in ways that differ from normal-hearing, typically developing children. Conversely, spoken language abilities and experiences may also exert reciprocal effects on the development of EF. The purpose of this study was to identify EF domains that are related to speech-language skills in cochlear implant (CI) users, compared to normal-hearing peers. Sixty-four prelingually deaf, early-implanted, long-term users of CIs and 74 normal-hearing peers equivalent in age and nonverbal intelligence completed measures of speech-language skills and three domains of EF: working memory, fluency-speed, and inhibitionconcentration. Verbal working memory and fluency-speed were more strongly associated with speech-language outcomes in the CI users than in the normal-hearing peers. Spatial working memory and inhibition-concentration correlated positively with language skills in normal-hearing peers but not in CI users. The core domains of EF that are associated with spoken language development are different in long-term CI users compared to normal-hearing peers, suggesting important dissociations in neurocognitive development.

AB - Neurocognitive processes such as executive functioning (EF) may influence the development of speech-language skills in deaf children after cochlear implantation in ways that differ from normal-hearing, typically developing children. Conversely, spoken language abilities and experiences may also exert reciprocal effects on the development of EF. The purpose of this study was to identify EF domains that are related to speech-language skills in cochlear implant (CI) users, compared to normal-hearing peers. Sixty-four prelingually deaf, early-implanted, long-term users of CIs and 74 normal-hearing peers equivalent in age and nonverbal intelligence completed measures of speech-language skills and three domains of EF: working memory, fluency-speed, and inhibitionconcentration. Verbal working memory and fluency-speed were more strongly associated with speech-language outcomes in the CI users than in the normal-hearing peers. Spatial working memory and inhibition-concentration correlated positively with language skills in normal-hearing peers but not in CI users. The core domains of EF that are associated with spoken language development are different in long-term CI users compared to normal-hearing peers, suggesting important dissociations in neurocognitive development.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84928879986&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84928879986&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/deafed/enu011

DO - 10.1093/deafed/enu011

M3 - Article

C2 - 24903605

AN - SCOPUS:84928879986

VL - 19

SP - 456

EP - 470

JO - Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education

JF - Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education

SN - 1081-4159

IS - 4

ER -