Executive functioning characteristics associated with ADHD comorbidity in adolescents with disruptive behavior disorders

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37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The nature of executive dysfunction in youth with disruptive behavior disorders (DBD) remains unclear, despite extensive research in samples of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). To determine the relationship between DBD, ADHD, and executive function deficits in aggressive teens, adolescents with DBD and comorbid ADHD (DBD+ADHD; n=25), DBD without ADHD (DBD-ADHD; n=23), and healthy controls (HC; n=25) were compared on neurocognitive tests and questionnaires measuring executive functioning. Teens with DBD+ADHD performed worse on both neurocognitive and questionnaire measures of executive function than the DBD-ADHD and HC groups. Results suggest that subgroups of DBD may exist depending on the presence or absence of comorbid ADHD, which may have implications for the selection and efficacy of treatment strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-19
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2011

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Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Comorbidity
Executive Function

Keywords

  • Aggression
  • Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
  • Comorbidity
  • Conduct disorder
  • Executive function
  • Oppositional-defiant disorder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

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abstract = "The nature of executive dysfunction in youth with disruptive behavior disorders (DBD) remains unclear, despite extensive research in samples of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). To determine the relationship between DBD, ADHD, and executive function deficits in aggressive teens, adolescents with DBD and comorbid ADHD (DBD+ADHD; n=25), DBD without ADHD (DBD-ADHD; n=23), and healthy controls (HC; n=25) were compared on neurocognitive tests and questionnaires measuring executive functioning. Teens with DBD+ADHD performed worse on both neurocognitive and questionnaire measures of executive function than the DBD-ADHD and HC groups. Results suggest that subgroups of DBD may exist depending on the presence or absence of comorbid ADHD, which may have implications for the selection and efficacy of treatment strategies.",
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AU - Kronenberger, William

AU - Wang, Yang

AU - Dunn, David

AU - Mosier, Kristine

AU - Kalnin, Andrew J.

AU - Mathews, Vincent

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