Exome Sequencing Identifies Candidate Genetic Modifiers of Syndromic and Familial Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm Severity

Benjamin J. Landis, Jeffrey A. Schubert, Dongbing Lai, Anil G. Jegga, Amy R. Shikany, Tatiana Foroud, Stephanie M. Ware, Robert B. Hinton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) is a genetic disease predisposing to aortic dissection. It is important to identify the genetic modifiers controlling penetrance and expressivity to improve clinical prognostication. Exome sequencing was performed in 27 subjects with syndromic or familial TAA presenting with extreme phenotypes (15 with severe TAA; 12 with mild or absent TAA). Family-based analysis of a subset of the cohort identified variants, genes, and pathways segregating with TAA severity among three families. A rare missense variant in ADCK4 (p.Arg63Trp) segregated with mild TAA in each family. Genes and pathways identified in families were further investigated in the entire cohort using the optimal unified sequence kernel association test, finding significance for the gene COL15A1 (p = 0.025) and the retina homeostasis pathway (p = 0.035). Thus, we identified candidate genetic modifiers of TAA severity by exome-based study of extreme phenotypes, which may lead to improved risk stratification and development of new medical therapies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)423-432
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of cardiovascular translational research
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2017

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Aneurysm
  • Aorta
  • Exome
  • Genetics
  • Marfan
  • Modifier

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Genetics
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Genetics(clinical)

Cite this