Experiencia, prevalencia y severidad de caries dental asociada con el estado nutricional en infantes Mexicanos de 17 a 47 meses de edad

Translated title of the contribution: Experience, prevalence and severity of dental caries and its association with nutritional status in Mexican infants 17-47 months

Ana Gabriela Zúñiga-Manríquez, Carlo Eduardo Medina-Solís, Edith Lara-Carrillo, María De Lourdes Márquez-Corona, Norma Leticia Robles-Bermeo, Rogelio José Scougall-Vilchis, Gerardo Maupome

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. To determine the experience, prevalence and severity of dental caries and its relationship with nutritional status in nursery infants 17 to 47 months of age. Material and methods. A cross-sectional study in 152 infants 17 to 47 months of age attending one of five day care centers of the city of Pachuca, Hidalgo was performed. Clinical examinations were performed using the methods recommended by the World Health Organization for epidemiologic studies on dental caries. We calculated the caries index (dmft), the significant caries index (SiC) as well as the treatment needs index (TNI) and the care index (CI). Nutritional status was determined using the weight and height for age, in Federico Gomez's scale. In the statistical analysis nonparametric tests were used. Results. Mean age was 2.52 ± 0.76 years; 51.3% were boys. With regard to nutritional status, 19.1% were classified as malnourished and 19.1% were overweight/obese. The dmft index was 1.53 ± 2.52. The SiC index was 4.14, the TNI 86.3% and the CI 13.7%. Caries prevalence was 48.0%. It was observed that 33.5% of children had 1 to 3 teeth with caries experience and 14.5% had 4 or more teeth affected. Statistically significant differences for tooth decay were identified (p <0.05) by age, height and weight but not (p > 0.05) by sex and nutritional status. Conclusions. This study shows that nearly half of children examined had caries experience. High treatment needs for dental caries were observed. A correlation was found between dmft index and age, weight and height. No association was identified between experience, prevalence and severity of dental caries and nutritional status of infants. It appears necessary to improve oral health preventive measures in these infants.

Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)228-236
Number of pages9
JournalRevista de Investigacion Clinica
Volume65
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2013

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Dental Caries
Nutritional Status
Tooth
Weights and Measures
Nurseries
Oral Health
Epidemiologic Studies
Therapeutics
Cross-Sectional Studies

Keywords

  • Dental caries
  • México
  • Nursery infants
  • Oral health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Zúñiga-Manríquez, A. G., Medina-Solís, C. E., Lara-Carrillo, E., Márquez-Corona, M. D. L., Robles-Bermeo, N. L., Scougall-Vilchis, R. J., & Maupome, G. (2013). Experiencia, prevalencia y severidad de caries dental asociada con el estado nutricional en infantes Mexicanos de 17 a 47 meses de edad. Revista de Investigacion Clinica, 65(3), 228-236.

Experiencia, prevalencia y severidad de caries dental asociada con el estado nutricional en infantes Mexicanos de 17 a 47 meses de edad. / Zúñiga-Manríquez, Ana Gabriela; Medina-Solís, Carlo Eduardo; Lara-Carrillo, Edith; Márquez-Corona, María De Lourdes; Robles-Bermeo, Norma Leticia; Scougall-Vilchis, Rogelio José; Maupome, Gerardo.

In: Revista de Investigacion Clinica, Vol. 65, No. 3, 05.2013, p. 228-236.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zúñiga-Manríquez, AG, Medina-Solís, CE, Lara-Carrillo, E, Márquez-Corona, MDL, Robles-Bermeo, NL, Scougall-Vilchis, RJ & Maupome, G 2013, 'Experiencia, prevalencia y severidad de caries dental asociada con el estado nutricional en infantes Mexicanos de 17 a 47 meses de edad', Revista de Investigacion Clinica, vol. 65, no. 3, pp. 228-236.
Zúñiga-Manríquez AG, Medina-Solís CE, Lara-Carrillo E, Márquez-Corona MDL, Robles-Bermeo NL, Scougall-Vilchis RJ et al. Experiencia, prevalencia y severidad de caries dental asociada con el estado nutricional en infantes Mexicanos de 17 a 47 meses de edad. Revista de Investigacion Clinica. 2013 May;65(3):228-236.
Zúñiga-Manríquez, Ana Gabriela ; Medina-Solís, Carlo Eduardo ; Lara-Carrillo, Edith ; Márquez-Corona, María De Lourdes ; Robles-Bermeo, Norma Leticia ; Scougall-Vilchis, Rogelio José ; Maupome, Gerardo. / Experiencia, prevalencia y severidad de caries dental asociada con el estado nutricional en infantes Mexicanos de 17 a 47 meses de edad. In: Revista de Investigacion Clinica. 2013 ; Vol. 65, No. 3. pp. 228-236.
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abstract = "Objective. To determine the experience, prevalence and severity of dental caries and its relationship with nutritional status in nursery infants 17 to 47 months of age. Material and methods. A cross-sectional study in 152 infants 17 to 47 months of age attending one of five day care centers of the city of Pachuca, Hidalgo was performed. Clinical examinations were performed using the methods recommended by the World Health Organization for epidemiologic studies on dental caries. We calculated the caries index (dmft), the significant caries index (SiC) as well as the treatment needs index (TNI) and the care index (CI). Nutritional status was determined using the weight and height for age, in Federico Gomez's scale. In the statistical analysis nonparametric tests were used. Results. Mean age was 2.52 ± 0.76 years; 51.3{\%} were boys. With regard to nutritional status, 19.1{\%} were classified as malnourished and 19.1{\%} were overweight/obese. The dmft index was 1.53 ± 2.52. The SiC index was 4.14, the TNI 86.3{\%} and the CI 13.7{\%}. Caries prevalence was 48.0{\%}. It was observed that 33.5{\%} of children had 1 to 3 teeth with caries experience and 14.5{\%} had 4 or more teeth affected. Statistically significant differences for tooth decay were identified (p <0.05) by age, height and weight but not (p > 0.05) by sex and nutritional status. Conclusions. This study shows that nearly half of children examined had caries experience. High treatment needs for dental caries were observed. A correlation was found between dmft index and age, weight and height. No association was identified between experience, prevalence and severity of dental caries and nutritional status of infants. It appears necessary to improve oral health preventive measures in these infants.",
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AU - Lara-Carrillo, Edith

AU - Márquez-Corona, María De Lourdes

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