Expression, characterization, and crystallization of the catalytic core of the human insulin receptor protein-tyrosine kinase domain

L. Wei, S. R. Hubbard, W. A. Hendrickson, L. Ellis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

111 Scopus citations


The deduced primary sequence of the cytoplasmic protein-tyrosine kinase domain of the insulin receptor contains a conserved kinase homology region (receptor residues 1002-1257) flanked by a juxtamembrane region and a C- terminal tail. A soluble 48-kDa derivative (residues 959-1355) containing these regions but lacking the first six residues of the juxtamembrane region had earlier been synthesized in Sf9 cells using a baculovirus expression system. The catalytic core of the kinase domain was studied first by proteolytic analysis of the 48-kDa kinase and then by expressing a series of truncated kinase domains in transiently transfected COS cells. Based on these studies, two core kinases of 34 (residues 985-1283) and 35 (residues 978- 1283) kDa, respectively, were overexpressed in Sf9 cells. Biochemical characterization of the 35-kDa kinase revealed that the core kinase conserved the major functional properties of the native receptor kinase domain. Activity of the 35-kDa kinase toward a synthetic peptide increased more than 200-fold upon autophosphorylation, which occurred exclusively at Tyr-1158, Tyr-1162, and Tyr-1163; the largest increase was observed between bis- and trisphosphorylation of the kinase. The activated 35- and 48-kDa kinases were similar with respect to specific activity and ATP and Mg2+ requirements for peptide phosphorylation. Moreover, autophosphorylation appeared to initiate predominantly at Tyr-1162, immediately followed by phosphorylation at Tyr- 1158 and then at Tyr-1163. The rate of autophosphorylation was dependent on enzyme concentration, consistent with a trans-phosphorylation mechanism. Finally, the 35-kDa kinase was crystallized, making possible elucidation of its three-dimensional structure by x-ray crystallography.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8122-8130
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number14
StatePublished - 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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