Expression, characterization, and crystallization of the catalytic core of the human insulin receptor protein-tyrosine kinase domain

L. Wei, S. R. Hubbard, W. A. Hendrickson, L. Ellis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The deduced primary sequence of the cytoplasmic protein-tyrosine kinase domain of the insulin receptor contains a conserved kinase homology region (receptor residues 1002-1257) flanked by a juxtamembrane region and a C- terminal tail. A soluble 48-kDa derivative (residues 959-1355) containing these regions but lacking the first six residues of the juxtamembrane region had earlier been synthesized in Sf9 cells using a baculovirus expression system. The catalytic core of the kinase domain was studied first by proteolytic analysis of the 48-kDa kinase and then by expressing a series of truncated kinase domains in transiently transfected COS cells. Based on these studies, two core kinases of 34 (residues 985-1283) and 35 (residues 978- 1283) kDa, respectively, were overexpressed in Sf9 cells. Biochemical characterization of the 35-kDa kinase revealed that the core kinase conserved the major functional properties of the native receptor kinase domain. Activity of the 35-kDa kinase toward a synthetic peptide increased more than 200-fold upon autophosphorylation, which occurred exclusively at Tyr-1158, Tyr-1162, and Tyr-1163; the largest increase was observed between bis- and trisphosphorylation of the kinase. The activated 35- and 48-kDa kinases were similar with respect to specific activity and ATP and Mg2+ requirements for peptide phosphorylation. Moreover, autophosphorylation appeared to initiate predominantly at Tyr-1162, immediately followed by phosphorylation at Tyr- 1158 and then at Tyr-1163. The rate of autophosphorylation was dependent on enzyme concentration, consistent with a trans-phosphorylation mechanism. Finally, the 35-kDa kinase was crystallized, making possible elucidation of its three-dimensional structure by x-ray crystallography.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8122-8130
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume270
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

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Insulin Receptor
Crystallization
Catalytic Domain
Phosphotransferases
Phosphorylation
Sf9 Cells
human INSR protein
Peptides
Crystallography
Baculoviridae
COS Cells
Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
Adenosine Triphosphate
X-Rays
Derivatives

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Expression, characterization, and crystallization of the catalytic core of the human insulin receptor protein-tyrosine kinase domain. / Wei, L.; Hubbard, S. R.; Hendrickson, W. A.; Ellis, L.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 270, No. 14, 01.01.1995, p. 8122-8130.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - The deduced primary sequence of the cytoplasmic protein-tyrosine kinase domain of the insulin receptor contains a conserved kinase homology region (receptor residues 1002-1257) flanked by a juxtamembrane region and a C- terminal tail. A soluble 48-kDa derivative (residues 959-1355) containing these regions but lacking the first six residues of the juxtamembrane region had earlier been synthesized in Sf9 cells using a baculovirus expression system. The catalytic core of the kinase domain was studied first by proteolytic analysis of the 48-kDa kinase and then by expressing a series of truncated kinase domains in transiently transfected COS cells. Based on these studies, two core kinases of 34 (residues 985-1283) and 35 (residues 978- 1283) kDa, respectively, were overexpressed in Sf9 cells. Biochemical characterization of the 35-kDa kinase revealed that the core kinase conserved the major functional properties of the native receptor kinase domain. Activity of the 35-kDa kinase toward a synthetic peptide increased more than 200-fold upon autophosphorylation, which occurred exclusively at Tyr-1158, Tyr-1162, and Tyr-1163; the largest increase was observed between bis- and trisphosphorylation of the kinase. The activated 35- and 48-kDa kinases were similar with respect to specific activity and ATP and Mg2+ requirements for peptide phosphorylation. Moreover, autophosphorylation appeared to initiate predominantly at Tyr-1162, immediately followed by phosphorylation at Tyr- 1158 and then at Tyr-1163. The rate of autophosphorylation was dependent on enzyme concentration, consistent with a trans-phosphorylation mechanism. Finally, the 35-kDa kinase was crystallized, making possible elucidation of its three-dimensional structure by x-ray crystallography.

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